Στοιχεία Τόπου

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Κτηματολόγιο Α.Ε.

Γενικά Στοιχεία

Κατηγορία Τόπου Βιότοπος NATURA
Κωδικός Τόπου GR3000016
Κύριος Χαρακτήρας
Φυσικό Τοπίο
Δομημένο Τοπίο
Διοικητική Υποδιαίρεση Νομός Αττικής
Συνολική Έκταση (ha) 2079.16
Χερσαία Έκταση (ha) 1759.9
Συνολική Περίμετρος (km) 34.4
Μέγιστο Υψόμετρο (m) 300.0
Ελάχιστο Υψόμετρο (m)
Ένταξη στο Υπάρχον Θεσμικό Πλαίσιο


Τύπος Τοπίου
Περιγραφή Τόπου The area is located at the NE part of Attiki, 40 km from Athens, at Marathon plain and is fringed by the low-lying mountains of Karoumpalo, Pounta and Drakonera to the north-east. The central part of the site is covered by the remaining part of the once extensive Marathon wetland, which has been suffering from drainage works (canalisation) since 1923. The slightly brackish Makaria spring lies at the north-western edge, while lake Stomi lies at the SE part of the wetland. The highly brackish Drakonera spring, located at the foothills of Drakonera hill, today features a reduced discharge evident only during wet periods. A sandy coastal zone extends from east to west at the southern part and Kynossoura peninsula delineates the south-eastern part. A longitudinal zone near Makaria spring of a total surface of 450 Ha at the western part of the wetland had been until recently occupied by a small airport, while a USA military communication base of a total surface of 100 Ha had been operating for several years at the central part of the wetland. The Schinias coastal zone consists of sandy - gravelly dunes of Olocene age. Northwards, the swamp area is covered by silty - clayey, and locally sandy, alluvial deposits of the same age. Eastwards, the Mytika's and Drakonera's hills consist of the Upper-Cretaceous marbles of Agia Marina, which are locally covered by scree and talus cones. The area belongs to the broader geographical region of Attiki, and shares its typical climatological conditions. The climate is Mediterranean, with prominent features the dry-hot summers and the mild-rainy winters. The atmosphere's average annual temperature ranges from 16.5° C to 19° C. The most cold month of the year is January, while the most hot are July and August. Annual precipitation averages around 378 mm, while humidity ranges between 59% - 64%. Cloudy days average around 50 annually, while sunny days around 130, giving a total of 2,920 sunlight hours each year. Prior to 1923 the discharge of both Makaria and Drakonera springs had been providing the wetland with slightly brackish water, which was subsequently conducted to the sea via lake Stomi formed near the eastern coast of the site. It is estimated that Makaria spring alone had been supplying the wetland with 6-7 millions of cubic metres of water yearly. Runoffs from the upstream mountain catchment had been an additional source of water. In order to convert the swamp to agricultural land a drainage channel was constructed in 1923 along the western border of the site. This channel was conducting the Makaria spring waters directly to the sea. Subsequently, a network of flood protection and drainage channels was constructed upstream the wetland, which also drove the flood waters directly into the sea. Secondary flood protection and drainage channels were embedded to that network during the 60's and the 70's in order to protect the military installations and the airport, which were meanwhile constructed inside the wetland area. As a result, the wetland's freshwater supply was restricted to the precipitation received by the plain (which quantified for about 0,7 million of cubic metres of water annually), while at the same time it received significant quantities of sea water both subterraneously and through the superficial communication of Stomi lake. Consequently, the permanent salt lake of Stomi was converted to a seasonal pond and the wetland area shrunk significantly due to the dry conditions and the land reclamation that followed. The remaining wetland was inundated during the rainy season and dried up in summer. It featured a variable salinity, with salty or brackish water generally dominating most of its parts and the fresh or slightly brackish element being restricted to a small area around Makaria spring, along a drainage ditch west of Drakonera hill and, to a lesser degree, along other drainage channels. The above described hydrological status and changes in land uses shaped the current natural habitat type status of the wetland and influenced the site's sandy coastal zone. In 2004 the Olympic Rowing Centre was constructed at the area formerly occupied by the airport. The following have also taken place: the removal of the airport's constructions and runway, removal of the idle military installation and area's soil mitigation, the abolishment of an extensive network of telecommunication antenna mounting structures and the elimination of all through-traffic roads, which are currently fragmenting the biotope and heavily disturbing the wild fauna. Currently halophytic vegetation occupies the central and most extensive part of the wetland, as a result of the ongoing heavy drainage activities and human pressure on the area during the past 80 years. Halophytic communities often form mosaics: salt meadows with Juncus (habitat type 1410) and salt scrubs are intermixed, giving way to glasswort swards (habitat type 1420) near Stomi lake, where the vegetation is established on a substrate of decomposing sea-grasses (mainly Posidonia oceanica). Juncus maritimus is the dominant species, while other characteristic species include Juncus heldreichianus, Limonium narbonense, Aster tripolium, Scirpoides holoshoenus, Scirpus littoralis, Bolboschoenus maritimus (=Scirpus maritimus), Puccinelia distans, Plantago crassifolia. The salt scrub is the main vegetation type, dominated by Sarcocornia perennis (at the lower sites) and Arthrocnemum macrostachyum (at the higher, better aerated sites), while other species participating are Puccinelia festuciformis, P. distans, Limonium narbonense, L. virgatum, L. bellidifolium, Centaurium spicatum, Suaeda vera, Salsola soda, Atriplex portulacoides. Annual halophilous pioneer communities (habitat type 1310) with Cressa cretica develop along dry channel beds and sometimes in patches with increased salinity that remain inundated longer. Other Saginetea species, such as Spergularia salina, Parapholis incurva, P. filiformis, Salsola soda, appear among the salt scrub but rarely form representative communities. Reedbeds with Phragmites australis and Typha angustifolia (Corine 53.1) occupy chiefly parts of the central and north-western part of the wetland. Tamarisk galleries (habitat type 92D0) develop at channel banks and at embankments throughout the wetland and notably at the main channel of Makaria spring, at the area of airport with Tamarix tetrandra (mainly at the eastern part) and Tamarix hampeana (mainly at the western part). These two habitats form mosaics at the north-western part of the site. Freshwater aquatic habitats develop at Makaria spring and along its drainage channel. At stagnant waters at the small pond created at Mati (Makaria spring) Magnopotamion vegetation with Potamogeton nodosus (habitat type 3150) occurs. Along the channel, at slow flowing points, there are floating communities of Apion nodiflori (habitat type 3260) with a benthic mat of Chara (habitat type 3140 is included in 3260). Close to the estuary the flow is not permanent and there Potamogeton pectinatus and Nasturtium officinale communities (habitat type 3290) develop. Typical communities of the habitat "Mediterranean temporary ponds" (habitat type 3170) have not been identified in the wetland. Small temporary ponds do develop near Makaria spring and at other spots, mainly at the western part, but lack the characteristic Isoeto-Nanojuncetea communities. A single small patch of dwarf pioneer annuals characterised by Crassula sp. and Herniaria hirsuta has been located at a road bank (SW part of the site) on sandy, temporarily water logged substrate. Also, small communities with Juncus bufonius, Poa annua, Plantago coronopus develop at small temporary ponds among the juniper matorral at the lower parts of Drakonera. These communities, with the participation of Isoeto-NanoJuncetea species, could be assigned as habitat type 3170, but their representativity is non-significant. Other species characteristic of this synclass of vegetation (such as Juncus articulatus, Mentha pulegium, Serapias lingua, Centaurium pulchellum, Lotus angustissimus) have been reported from the site. The site's coastal sandy part maintains successive zones of ammophilous habitats. At a zone of 50 metres from the sea there is only naked sand with loose driftline communities of Cakile maritima, Matthiola tricuspidata, Salsola kali (habitat type 1210), followed by ridges of low embryonic dunes (habitat type 2110) with Elytrigia juncea (=Elymus farctus), Eryngium maritimum, Medicago marina. Pseudorlaya pumila, Lotus halophilus, Allium staticiforme, Rhagadiolus stellatus, Silene colorara also participate in the ammophilous communities. To the western part, closer to the mouth of Makaria channel and in front of the Park's inhabited zone the structure of the dunes is even more degraded. There develop ammophilous communities with Cyperus capitatus and Sporobolus pungens and a low dune front with Centaurea spinosa. Behind this zone and all along the coast there are low, stabilised dunes forested with Pinus pinea at the western part and Pinus halepensis at the eastern part (the two pines intermix towards the centre). The understorey is composed of maquis species, mainly Pistacia lentiscus, and also Quercus coccifera, Juniperus phoenicea, Myrtus communis, Rhamnus alaternus, Rubia peregrina, Ruscus aculeatus, Smilax aspera, Asparagus acutifolius and by phryganic species such as Helichrysum stoechas, Phagnalon graecum, Anthyllis hermaniae, Cistus incanus, C. salvifolius, Coridothymus capitatus. The herb layer includes species such as Cyclamen hederifolium, C. graecum, Ophrys lutea, Serapias lingua. A zone at the northern part of Pinus pinea forest is covered by low to medium height matorral dominated by Pistacia lentiscus (habitat type 2260). Malcolmietalia annual grasslands (habitat type 2230) with dominance of Silene colorata, Anthemis tomentosa, Medicago littoralis develop mainly at extended patches on mostly flat, stabilised sand of the rear dune at the western part of the site. In the more disturbed zone towards the wetland synanhtropic grassland of Stellarietea mediae develops to the expense of the typical dune grassland. Isolated Juniperus oxucedrus ssp. macrocarpa individuals and small stands of Pinus pinea grow at these places. It should be noted that the dune therophytic grasslands of Malcolmietalia (2230) of the site, belonging to the synclass of Thero-Brachypodietea, were previously assigned as habitat type 6220, which is of similar floristic composition. However since these communities are part of the dune system, they are better described as habitat type 2230. In a narrow zone between the embryonic dunes and the forest there are small stands of Juniperus oxycedrus ssp. macrocarpa (habitat type 2250) with Pistacia lentiscus. Pistacia lentiscus formations in sand dunes are better assigned as habitat type 2260, instead of 9320, which was previously used for the area. These formations most probably constitute remnants of previously well-developed post dunal communities of the type found elsewhere in the Aegean. The Kynosoura peninsula is covered across its greatest part by maquis, medium to high, at places scattered but generally quite thick. Juniperus phoenicea (habitat type 5212) is dominant in most of the stands while other shrubs participating are Pistacia lentiscus, P. terebinthus, Ceratonia siliqua, Olea europaea L. ssp. oleaster, Ephedra foemina, Quercus coccifera, Rhamnus alaternus, Calicotome villosa, Prunus webbii, Prasium majus. In the herb layer and at openings a multitude of therophytes, grasses and geophytes develop, among which the endemics Fritillaria obliqua and Scorzonera crocifolia, as well as some orchids. Phryganas Satureja juliana, S. nervosa, S. graeca, Euphorbia acanthothamnos, H. stoechas, Phagnalon graecum, Coridothymus capitatus, Teucrium capitatum, T. divaricatum develop in the understorey and at openings of the maquis mainly at the western part. At open rocky places with boulders, at the crest of the promontory and also at some slopes Euphorbia dendroides dominates the shrub, growing along with Anagyris foetida, Phlomis fruticosa, Ephedra foemina (habitat type 5331). At the same sites small chasmophytic communities (habitat type 8216) with Asplenium cetarach, Cheilanthes acrostica, Cosentinia vellea, Umbilicus rupestris develop at rock crevices. The shrub descents the steep slopes over the sea. Juniper matoral of similar composition but generally thinner and lower (due to recent fire and grazing) covers Drakonera hill as well. Chasmophytic vegetation of good representativity developes at a small rock face at the hillcrest. Therophytic grassland patches (Thero-Brachypodietea, habitat type 6220) grow at openings of the shrub but at the flat areas of the foothills Stellarietea and Artemisetea species take over, apparently due to grazing. Schinias wetland has traditionally been an important waterfowl and waterbird migration station. Visitors include Plegadis fancinellus, Botaurus stellaris, several Ardeidae, Rallidae, Ciconiidae, Anatidae, Tringa, Calidris species, as well as numerous birds of prey (mainly Falconidae). Nevertheless, due to low prey availability the site's significance has been reduced to this of a degraded stop-over site for waterbirds rather than a dynamic large-scale migration station. Passing birds usually just stage in the area for a few days' rest without actively utilizing it. Wintering avifauna among others includes the protected (dir.79/409/EEC) Αcrocephalus melanopogon. Although small in numbers, the presence of several species of birds of prey at the surrounding hills is significant. These species, which prey on the wetland plain, among others include Circaetus gallicus, Buteo rufinus, Falco peregrinus, as well as the more common Buteo buteo, Falco tinunculus, Tyto alba, Otus scops. Along the channels' and the ponds' banks one can find the reptiles Emys orbicularis, Mauremys caspica, Testudo hermanni, Testudo marginata, Elaphe situla, as well as the endemic fish Pseudophoxinus stymphalicus marathonicus.
Κατάσταση Τόπου
Εγκατάλειψη οικισμών
Τάση Κατάστασης Τόπου
Ιστορία και εξέλιξη του τόπου
Σημεία με καλή Θέα
Μονοπάτια Περίπατοι


Οικολογική Αξία
Κοινωνικοοικονομική/πολιτιστική Αξία
Αισθητική Αξία
Σχόλιο για τις αξίες Schinias wetland has become a very important breeding and wintering site for the Ferruginous Duck, a rare duck that is found nesting only in a few wetland areas around Greece. Schinias area is quite isolated from the other breeding areas, so the existence of this bird is critical. Furthermore, Little Grebes, Mallards, Coots and Black-winged Stints nest in significant numbers, while the Black-throated Diver winters in the sea area. Another presence that should be mentioned is that of the Great Spotted Eagle (A.clanga) in winter. Since 2005 one individula has been recorded every winter. This is a very important fact, given the size of the wetland and its distance from all the major wetlands of Northern and Western Greece at which the species is a common winter visitor. \n


Σχόλιο για τις απειλές-διαταραχές
Τρωτότητα The extensive drainage works in the area (canalization) have resulted in the gradual retreat of the freshwater presence and, subsequently, in the intrusion of seawater in the wetland. Thus halophytic vegetation was favoured greatly and over-expanded, to the expense of the freshwater habitat types formerly dominating. On the other hand, continuous human pressure has caused the degradation (loss of area, loss of naturalness, alteration of floristic composition) of these halophytic communities (1410, 1420, 1310). As a result, halophilous annual communities have developed to a patchy distribution, while the intrusion of xerophilous (mainly synanthropic) species has caused degradation of their floristic composition and structure. The salt meadows have suffered mainly from habitat loss due to drought, however they retain considerable floristic diversity. The riparian habitats, tamarisk galleries and reedbeds are connected to the presence of fresh and brackish water. Although their representativity had been fairly good, both these habitats have suffered from area loss due to intense building and drainage activities as well as grazing. Loss of naturalness has been aggravated by the introduction of exotic trees, namely eucalypts. The flowing freshwater habitats have fair representativity and low floristic diversity. These habitats depend totally on the quantity and quality of the water. The ammophilous habitats retain a floristic diversity but their structure is degraded. In general, these habitats have suffered heavy pressure due to changes in the course of flood waters and to the significant reduction of their distribution caused by building activities. Heavy trampling (by motorized vehicles, campers and visitors) is an additional pressure. The primary dunes are restricted to a few rather scattered ridges whose dynamic development is continuously hindered by trampling. Natural regeneration of perennial species and creation of sand accumulation poles are also inhibited. Populations of typical species such as Medicago marina, Brassica tournefortii, Cyperus capitatus, Centaurea spinosa, Eryngium maritimum seem to be in recess, while Pancratium maritimum (the sea lily) is considered extinct from the area (it was last recorded in the early 1990's). The remaining habitat of Juniperus oxycedrus ssp. macrocarpa should be considered a relic of its initial distribution (the expansion of the pine forest has also played a role in this). The Pinus pinea forest is at a declining state, with Pinus halepensis gradually gaining ground to its expense. It is mainly composed of old individuals, while natural regeneration apparently ceased. In fact a significant regeneration of Pinus pinea is being recorded, but seedlings and saplings do not manage to survive. The protection and management of the sand dunes (including the Pinus pinea - Pinus halepensis forest) according to the Presidential Decree regarding the area's designation as National Park and its Management Plan, will consist a decisive step towards its protection and conservation. Special attention will be paid upon two points: Any new planting inside the forest's limits will take place after the advisement and close monitoring of experts and the beach's cleaning will be done manually and by no means by tractors or any other machines that might destroy the primary dune structure and flora. The protected amphibian fauna of the area is currently threatened by the extensive drainage activities while the reptile population is suffering from the continuous urbanisation as well as heavy road traffic. These threats are expected to be addressed with the implementation of the terms of the Presidential Decree for the designation of the area as National Park and the approved Management Plan. Other threats to the site include: Deposits of inert material and household garbage: occurs regularly across the wetland area.- Camping inside the forest, trampling, heavy use. -Soil pollution: has been virtually abolished after the removal of the airport and the cease of operation of the military base. -Heavy use of fertilizers and pesticides in the surrounding agricultural land still consists a source of pollution for the underground aquifer. -Feral animals: various species of breeding aquatic birds suffer from limited breeding success due to egg praying by feral cats and dogs. Unfortunately, poaching in the wetland area is still intense. Mallards and other ducks are the main target species, however Ferruginous Ducks are also shot (deliberately or unintentionally). Finally, housing development in the fringes of the National Park is intense and attempts have been made to exploit (illegally) areas that belong to the National Park. \n
Προτεραιότητα προστασίας

Πανίδα και Χλωρίδα

Χαρακτηριστικά Ενδιαιτήματα
Αξιόλογα Φυτά
Allium bourgeaui burgeaui
Allium chamaemoly
Allium staticiforme
Anacamptis pyramidalis
Anchusa aggregata (Αγχούσα η προστιθέμενη)
Anthemis tomentosa heracleotica (Ανθεμίδα η ηρακλιώτικη)
Bellium minutum (Μπέλλιο το μικρότατο)
Carlina frigida
Centaurea spinosa cycladum
Cyclamen graecum anatolicum
Cyclamen hederifolium
Fritillaria obliqua
Fritillaria spetsiotica
Fumaria amarysia
Linum maritimum
Malcolmia graeca graeca
Nigella arvensis aristata
Ophrys lutea lutea
Orchis laxiflora elegans
Ruscus aculeatus
Satureja nervosa
Scorzonera crocifolia
Serapias lingua
Serapias parviflora
Silene graeca
Silene vulgaris angustifolia
Sternbergia sicula
Vicia cretica aegaea
Αξιόλογα Θηλαστικά
Αξιόλογα Πτηνά
Acrocephalus melanopogon (Μουστακοποταμίδα)
Actitis hypoleucos (Ποταμότριγγας)
Alauda arvensis arvensis (Σταρήθρα)
Alcedo atthis (Αλκυόνα)
Anas acuta (Ψαλίδα)
Anas clypeata (Χουλιαρόπαπια)
Anas crecca (Κιρκίρι)
Anas penelope (Σφυριχτάρι)
Anas platyrhynchos (Πρασινοκέφαλη)
Anas querquedula (Σαρσέλα)
Anas strepera (Καπακλής)
Anser albifrons (Ασπρομέτωπη χήνα)
Anthus campestris campestris (Χαμοκελάδα)
Apus apus apus (Σταχτάρα)
Apus melba melba (Σκεπαρνάς)
Aquila clanga (Στικταητός)
Ardea cinerea (Σταχτοτσικνιάς)
Ardea purpurea (Πορφυροτσικνιάς)
Ardeola ralloides (Κρυπτοτσικνιάς)
Arenaria interpres (Χαλικοκυλιστής)
Aythya ferina (Γκισάρι)
Aythya fuligula (Μαυροκέφαλη)
Aythya nyroca (Βαλτόπαπια)
Botaurus stellaris (Ηταυρος)
Bubo bubo bubo (Μπούφος)
Bucephala clangula (Βουκεφάλας)
Buteo buteo buteo (Γερακίνα)
Buteo rufinus rufinus (Αητογερακίνα)
Calandrella brachydactyla (Μικρογαλιάντρα)
Calidris alba (Λευκοσκαλήθρα)
Calidris alpina alpina (Λασποσκαλήθρα)
Calidris ferruginea (Δρεπανοσκάληθρα)
Calidris minuta (Νανοσκαλήθρα)
Calidris temminckii (Σταχτοσκαλήθρα)
Calonectris diomedea (Αρτέμης)
Caprimulgus europaeus (Γυδοβυζάχτρα)
Charadrius alexandrinus (Θαλασσοσφυριχτής)
Charadrius dubius (Ποταμοσφυριχτής)
Charadrius hiaticula (Αμμοσφυριχτής)
Chlidonias hybridus (Μουστακογλάρονο)
Chlidonias leucopterus (Αργυρογλάρονο)
Chlidonias niger (Μαυρογλάρονο)
Ciconia ciconia (Λευκοπελαργός)
Circaetus gallicus (Φιδαητός)
Circus aeruginosus (Καλαμόκιρκος)
Circus cyaneus (Βαλτόκιρκος)
Circus macrourus (Στεπόκιρκος)
Circus pygargus (Λιβαδόκιρκος)
Cisticola juncidis juncidis (Κιστικόλη (Ντουλαπάρης))
Columba oenas oenas (Φασσοπερίστερο)
Columba palumbus palumbus (Φάσσα)
Coturnix coturnix (Ορτύκι)
Cygnus olor (Κύκνος)
Delichon urbica urbica (Σπιτοχελίδονο)
Egretta alba (Αργυροτσικνιάς)
Egretta garzetta (Λευκοτσικνιάς)
Emberiza caesia (Σκουρόβλαχος)
Emberiza melanocephala (Αμπελουργός)
Falco biarmicus feldeggi (Χρυσογέρακο)
Falco columbarius (Νανογέρακο)
Falco eleonorae (Μαυροπετρίτης)
Falco naumanni (Κιρκινέζι)
Falco peregrinus brookei (Πετρίτης)
Falco vespertinus (Μαυροκιρκίνεζο)
Ficedula albicollis (Κρικομυγοχάφτης)
Fulica atra (Φαλαρίδα)
Gallinago gallinago (Μεκατσίνι)
Gavia arctica arctica (Λαμπροβούτι)
Gelochelidon nilotica (Γελογλάρονο)
Glareola pratincola (Νεροχελίδονο)
Haematopus ostralegus (Στρειδοφάγος)
Hieraaetus pennatus (Σταυραητός)
Himantopus himantopus (Καλαμοκανάς)
Hippolais olivetorum (Λιοστριτσίδα)
Hippolais pallida elaeica (Ωχροστριτσίδα)
Hirundo rustica rustica (Χελιδόνι)
Hoplopterus spinosus (Αγκαθοκαλημάνα)
Ixobrychus minutus (Μικροτσικνιάς)
Jynx torquilla torquilla (Στραβολαίμης)
Lanius collurio collurio (Αητόμαχος)
Lanius excubitor excubitor (Διπλοκεφαλάς)
Lanius minor (Γαϊδουροκεφαλάς)
Lanius nubicus (Παρδαλοκέφαλος)
Lanius senator senator (Κοκκινοκέφαλος)
Larus audouinii (Αιγαιόγλαρος)
Larus fuscus (Μελανόγλαρος)
Larus genei (Λεπτόραμφος γλάρος)
Larus melanocephalus (Μαυροκέφαλος γλάρος)
Larus minutus (Νανόγλαρος)
Larus ridibundus (Καστανοκέφαλος γλάρος)
Limicola falcinellus (Ραβδοσκαλήθρα)
Limosa lapponica lapponica (Ακτοτούρλι)
Limosa limosa limosa (Λιμόζα)
Lullula arborea arborea (Δεντροσταρήθρα)
Merops apiaster (Μελισσοφάγος)
Milvus migrans aegypticus (Τσίφτης Αιγυπτιακός)
Motacilla flava beema (Κιτρινοσουσουράδα)
Muscicapa striata neumanni (Σταχτομυγοχάφτης)
Netta rufina (Φερεντίνι)
Numenius arquata arquata (Τουρλίδα)
Numenius phaeopus (Σιγλίγουρος)
Nycticorax nycticorax (Νυχτοκόρακας)
Oenanthe hispanica (Ασπροκώλα)
Oriolus oriolus oriolus (Συκοφάγος)
Otus scops (Γκιώνης)
Pandion haliaetus (Ψαραητός)
Pelecanus onocrotalus (Ροδοπελεκάνος)
Pernis apivorus (Σφηκιάρης)
Phalacrocorax aristotelis (Θαλασσοκόρακας)
Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis (Κορμοράνος)
Phalacrocorax pygmeus (Λαγγόνα)
Phoenicopterus ruber roseus (Φοινικόπτερος)
Plegadis falcinellus
Podiceps cristatus (Σκουροβουτηχτάρι)
Podiceps nigricollis (Μαυροβουτηχτάρι)
Porzana parva (Μικροπουλάδα)
Porzana porzana (Στικτοπουλάδα)
Riparia riparia riparia (Οχθοχελίδονο)
Scolopax rusticola (Μπεκάτσα)
Sterna albifrons (Νανογλάρονο)
Sterna hirundo (Ποταμογλάρονο)
Sterna sandvicensis (Χειμωνογλάρονο)
Streptopelia turtur (Τριγώνι)
Sylvia hortensis crassirostris (Δεντροτσιροβάκος)
Sylvia rueppelli (Μουστακοτσιροβάκος)
Tachybaptus ruficollis (Νανοβουτηχτάρι)
Tadorna ferruginea (Καστανόχηνα)
Tadorna tadorna (Βαρβάρα)
Tringa erythropus (Μαυρότριγγας)
Tringa glareola (Λασπότριγγας)
Tringa nebularia (Πρασινοσκέλης)
Tringa ochropus (Δασότριγγας)
Tringa stagnatilis (Βαλτότριγγας)
Tringa totanus totanus (Κοκκινοσκέλης)
Vanellus vanellus (Καλημάνα)
Αξιόλογα Αμφίβια / Ερπετά
Bufo viridis viridis (Πρασινόφρυνος)
Coluber gemonensis gemonensis
Coluber najadum dahlii (Σαΐτα του Νταλ)
Cyrtodactylus kotschyi adelphiensis (Κυρτοδάκτυλος των νησιών Αδέλφια)
Elaphe situla (Σπιτόφιδο)
Emys orbicularis (Βαλτοχελώνα)
Lacerta trilineata cariensis (Τρανόσαυρα της Ικαρίας)
Mauremys caspica rivulata (Ποταμοχελώνα)
Testudo hermanni hermanni (Ονυχοχελώνα)
Testudo marginata (Κρασπεδωτή χελώνα)
Vipera ammodytes meridionalis (Οχιά)
Αξιόλογα Ψάρια
Αξιόλογα Ασπόνδυλα
Hipparchia aristaeus (Ιππαρχία ο Αρισταίος)
Σχόλια για τα είδη