Στοιχεία Τόπου

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Κτηματολόγιο Α.Ε.

Γενικά Στοιχεία

Κατηγορία Τόπου Βιότοπος NATURA
Κωδικός Τόπου GR4310005
Κύριος Χαρακτήρας
Φυσικό Τοπίο
Δομημένο Τοπίο
Διοικητική Υποδιαίρεση Νομός Ηρακλείου
Συνολική Έκταση (ha) 16173.89
Χερσαία Έκταση (ha) 15770.14
Συνολική Περίμετρος (km) 91.7
Μέγιστο Υψόμετρο (m) 1213.0
Ελάχιστο Υψόμετρο (m)
Ένταξη στο Υπάρχον Θεσμικό Πλαίσιο


Τύπος Τοπίου
Περιγραφή Τόπου The site includes the eastern range of the massif of Asterousia Ori on southern Crete. The marine area covers less than 1% of the site. The rocks consist mainly of limestones and dolomites, and the lowland eastern area is covered by Neogene sediments. Mount Kofinas, the highest summit (1231 m), is a bare, rugged mountain.On its southern slopes there are woods with Pinus brutia and small patches of Cupressus sempervirens. The dominant vegetation type is phrygana and there are many areas affected by regular overgrazing by sheep and goats. There are also intermittent streams running down to the sea.There are caves in southern Asterousia, most of them very important from the archaeological view.The coastline is rocky and indended with bays and small capes and numerous caves. Notably, there is a small thicket of Phoenix theophrastii at Agios Nikitas cove (near Achendrias).The marine habitats, posidonia beds and reefs are in excellent condition and monk seals live in the marine caves.
Κατάσταση Τόπου
Εγκατάλειψη οικισμών
Τάση Κατάστασης Τόπου
Ιστορία και εξέλιξη του τόπου
Σημεία με καλή Θέα
Μονοπάτια Περίπατοι


Οικολογική Αξία
Κοινωνικοοικονομική/πολιτιστική Αξία
Αισθητική Αξία
Σχόλιο για τις αξίες The importance of this site consists in: 1) Mount Kofinas provides nesting places for big rapaces, such as Gyps fulvus and, notably of the very rare Gypaetus barbatus. Other interesting birds of prey present in the site are Hieraaetus pennatus and Falco eleonorae; 2) The presence of monk seals in the marine caves; 3) The area hosts endemic and protected plant species. The presence of two Annex II plant species, Phoenix theophrastii and Origanum dictamnus, should be noted. The existence of a well conserved pinewood and of the Cupressus sempervirens patches is also important; 4) There are also interesting endemic snails: Mastus turcidus is endemic to the Aegean and Helicopsis bathytera endemic to the South Aegean; Metefruticicola lecta, Metafruticicola noversa, Trochoidea mesostena, Oxychilus spratti, Deroceras rethimnonensis, Albinaria inflata, Albinaria praeclara, Mastus cretensis and Mastus olivaceus are endemic to Crete; and Albinaria terebra is endemic to Asterousia; 5) The whole site is of archaeological importance, with very interesting caves with prehistoric remnants, archaelogical relics and temples, byzantine monasteries etc.; 6) The aesthetic value of the site due to its morphology; the whole area of Asterousia mountains is a Natural Beauty Landscape.Notes: The fish Sabanejewia aurata balcanica is referred from the area (Corine database), but the reference is false according to the specialist Dr P. S. Economidis (personal communication).OTHER IMPORTANT SPECIES WITH MOTIVATION D:Plants: Erysimum candicum ssp. candicum, Crepis tybakiensis, Campanula saxatilis ssp. saxatilis and Dianthus junniperinus, Lomelosia minoana ssp. asterusica are protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81) and are included in the IUCN Red Data List (1993) in the category of threatened plants characterized as «Rare» in Greece and in the World (1993) and in Europe (1988).Silene vulgaris ssp. suffrutescens is included in the Corine checklist of threatened plants; it is found in only 100 or less sites in EC.Hypericum jovis is protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81) and is included in the IUCN list of threatened species, characterized as «Vulnerable» in Greece and in the World (1993) and in Europe (1988).Crepis pusilla because it is protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81) and is included in the IUCN list of threatened species, characterized as «Rare» in Greece (1993) and in Europe (1988).The orchids Ophrys fusca, Ophrys tenthredinifera and Anacamptis pyramidalis are protected by the CITES Convention (Annex C).Lactuca acanthifolia (= Scariola acanthifolia) is found in Ydra, Cyclades, East Aegean Islands andonly in SW Turkey out of Greece. Filago aegaea ssp. aristata is a plant with distribution in S & E Aegean, Ionian Islands, Kriti and Cyprus. Malcolmia flexuosa ssp. naxensis is endemic to the Aegean region and Anatolia.Animals: The snail Helix nucula because has restricted populations in Greece.


Σχόλιο για τις απειλές-διαταραχές
Τρωτότητα The intense grazing and the fires have already destroyed big areas on Asterousia, and these together with road construction and tourism, which becomes more intense year by year, remain the main threats for the site.
Προτεραιότητα προστασίας

Πανίδα και Χλωρίδα

Χαρακτηριστικά Ενδιαιτήματα
Αξιόλογα Φυτά
Anacamptis pyramidalis
Arenaria guicciardii (Αρενέρια του Γκουϊτσιάρντι)
Arum creticum
Asperula rigida (Ασπέρουλα η τραχεία)
Barlia robertiana
Campanula saxatilis saxatilis
Centaurea argentea
Crepis pusilla
Crepis tybakiensis
Ebenus cretica (Έβενος ο κρητικός)
Erysimum candicum candicum
Filago aegaea aristata
Hypericum jovis (Υπερικό του Δία)
Lactuca acanthifolia
Malcolmia flexuosa naxensis
Ophrys fusca
Ophrys tenthredinifera
Origanum dictamnus
Petromarula pinnata
Phoenix theophrasti (Κρητικός φοίνικας)
Scabiosa minoana asterusica (Σκαμπιόζα των Αστερουσίων)
Sedum praesidis
Silene vulgaris angustifolia
Staehelina fruticosa (Σταιχελίνα η θαμνοειδής)
Αξιόλογα Θηλαστικά
Monachus monachus (Μεσογειακή φώκια)
Rhinolophus blasii (Ρινόλοφος του Μπλάζιους)
Αξιόλογα Πτηνά
Accipiter gentilis butoides (Διπλοσάινο)
Anthus campestris campestris (Χαμοκελάδα)
Apus apus apus (Σταχτάρα)
Apus melba melba (Σκεπαρνάς)
Aquila chrysaetos chrysaetos (Χρυσαητός)
Buteo buteo buteo (Γερακίνα)
Calandrella brachydactyla (Μικρογαλιάντρα)
Caprimulgus europaeus (Γυδοβυζάχτρα)
Circus aeruginosus (Καλαμόκιρκος)
Circus cyaneus (Βαλτόκιρκος)
Circus pygargus (Λιβαδόκιρκος)
Coturnix coturnix (Ορτύκι)
Delichon urbica urbica (Σπιτοχελίδονο)
Falco biarmicus feldeggi (Χρυσογέρακο)
Falco eleonorae (Μαυροπετρίτης)
Falco peregrinus brookei (Πετρίτης)
Ficedula hypoleuca (Μαυρομυγοχάφτης)
Ficedula semitorquata (Δρυομυγοχάφτης)
Fringilla coelebs coelebs (Σπίνος)
Gypaetus barbatus aureus (Γυπαητός)
Gyps fulvus (Όρνιο)
Hieraaetus fasciatus (Σπιζαητός)
Lullula arborea arborea (Δεντροσταρήθρα)
Motacilla alba alba (Λευκοσουσουράδα)
Motacilla flava beema (Κιτρινοσουσουράδα)
Oenanthe oenanthe oenanthe (Σταχτοπετρόκλης)
Otus scops (Γκιώνης)
Pernis apivorus (Σφηκιάρης)
Phoenicurus ochruros (Καρβουνιάρης)
Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax docilis (Κοκκινοκαλιακούδα)
Sylvia rueppelli (Μουστακοτσιροβάκος)
Αξιόλογα Αμφίβια / Ερπετά
Chalcides ocellatus ocellatus (Λιακόνι)
Coluber gemonensis gemonensis
Elaphe situla (Σπιτόφιδο)
Αξιόλογα Ψάρια
Αξιόλογα Ασπόνδυλα
Σχόλια για τα είδη