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||Mount Kyllini is characterized by a rich flora (ca. 1000 taxa) and a relatively high percentage of endemism of which some are exclusive endemics, some other are Peloponnisos endemics and many are Greek endemics distributed in more than one phytogeographical region. In the upper altitudinal levels (>= 1000-2376 m) an important concentration of endemic species is observed related to phytosociological isolation (1000-1500 m, 1500-2000 m, 2000-2376 m. Morover, a great diversity of habitat types is observed in the upper altitudes (above 1600 m). Most of the rare, endangered or vulnerable species are present more or less exclusively in the various plant communities. Species occurring in restricted habitats of the summits of Mount Kyllini are the following: Verbascum cylleneum, Galium cyllenium, Erodium chrysanthum, Globularia stygia, Valeriana olenaea, Scrophularia myriophylla, Cynoglossum graecum, and Allium frigidum. The Flampouritsa gorge constitutes the only known locality in Mount Kyllini for the following species: Centaurea amplifolia and Verbascum daenzeri, as well as of the species Adonis cyllenea and Biebersteinia orphanidea, which are considered to be extinct from their locus classicus. The species included in sections 3.3 (Other Important Species) with Motivation D belong to the following categories:a) Balkan endemics: Poa thessala, Lilium chalcedonicum, Minuartia stellata, Acer heldreichi, Dianthus integer subsp. minutiflorus, Silene radicosa subsp.radicosa, Anthyllis vulneraria subsp. bulgarica, Centaurea amplifolia. b) Species distributed in the Balkan peninsula and Anatolia:Acantholimon echinus subsp.echinus, Anthemis cretica subsp. Cretica c) The remaining species present an interesting distribution range. Some of the above mentioned species are incorporated in one of the IUCN Red Data Book categories (WCMC 1993): Centaurea amplifolia (R), Solenanthus stamineus (E). Many non-bird vertebrate taxa which are significant for a number of reasons, have been recorded at this site. Among them, two threatened bats are mentioned in Annex II of the 92/43/EEC Directive (section 3.2). Several amphibian, reptilian and mammalian taxa are listed in sections 3.3 as Other Important Taxa. Two of these taxa, the Grey Hampster Cricetulus migratorius, and the Forest Dormouse Dryomys nitedula wingei, are threatened and included in the Greek Red Data Book (under the categories of "Endangered" and "Rare" respectively). Three taxa (the lizards Algyroides moreoticus and Podarcis erhardii livadiaca, and the fox Vulpes vulpes hellenica) are endemic to Greece. Most of these important taxa are listed in the Bern Convention (motivation C) and/or in the Greek Presidential Decree 67/1981 (motivation D). Two of these taxa (Bufo viridis and Hyla arborea) are also mentioned in the CORINE-Biotopes project; two others (Coluber gemonensis, Dryomys nitedula wingei) are Balkan endemics, and one (Cricetulus migratorius) has the southwestern end of its distribution in Peloponnisos. All these are additional reasons leading us to mark these taxa with motivation D.