Στοιχεία Τόπου

Επίπεδα τόπων:

Σχεδίαση επιφανειών
Κωδικοί τόπων

Χαρτογραφικό υπόβαθρο:

Open cycle map
Open Street map
Κτηματολόγιο Α.Ε.

Γενικά Στοιχεία

Κατηγορία Τόπου Βιότοπος NATURA
Κωδικός Τόπου GR2420006
Κύριος Χαρακτήρας
Φυσικό Τοπίο
Δομημένο Τοπίο
Διοικητική Υποδιαίρεση Νομός Ευβοίας
Συνολική Έκταση (ha) 4088.91
Χερσαία Έκταση (ha) 4088.91
Συνολική Περίμετρος (km) 33.5
Μέγιστο Υψόμετρο (m) 780.0
Ελάχιστο Υψόμετρο (m)
Ένταξη στο Υπάρχον Θεσμικό Πλαίσιο


Τύπος Τοπίου
Περιγραφή Τόπου The island of Skyros lies in the central part of the Aegean sea and is the largest island of the North Sporades with a total area of 20.9 ha. The island of Skyros is 19 miles off shore Euboea island. The climate is typical Mediterranean with mean annual rainfall not exceeding 500 mm. A 4 km long plane, running from Achilli village up to Kalamitsa village divides the island into two parts. The north-west is covered by Aleppo pine forests and lush vegetation. The south east part is a completely contrast, mountainous rocky scenery. The site contains the mountainous block of Kochylas (792 m) as well as the south-eastern rocky shores. The whole area consists mainly of limestone. The chasmophytic flora is well developed but contains rather few plant species. The maquis formation consists mainly of Quercus coccifera, Genista sp and Olea europaea shrubs of very low height, mainly due to overgrazing. It is worth noting that the area of the ravines is covered by thickets of Quercus coccifera and Acer monspessulanum forests. The area of mountain Kochylas is where the Skyrian shepherds and goatherds graze their thousands of animals (about 40,000 goats and sheep). The unique miniature Skyrian horse ( a race of Equus cabalus, not exceeding 1,07 m height) has been living free and semi-wild in the area.
Κατάσταση Τόπου
Εγκατάλειψη οικισμών
Τάση Κατάστασης Τόπου
Ιστορία και εξέλιξη του τόπου
Σημεία με καλή Θέα
Μονοπάτια Περίπατοι


Οικολογική Αξία
Κοινωνικοοικονομική/πολιτιστική Αξία
Αισθητική Αξία
Σχόλιο για τις αξίες The site is important for breeding seebirds, raptors and species associated with scrub. Species of concern include Falco eleonorae, Emberiza cineracea and Emberiza caesia. The quality and importance of the site result mainly from the big number of the local or very restricted plant endemic species. The rather few plant species of the area in comparison to the comparatively high number of local endemic indicates strong isolation. Therefore the species in common with northern Sporades and the Kyklades respectively according to Snogerup (1978) will constitute local populations which will have been isolated for long from the other part of the species. The area of Kochylas mountain is also highly esteemed for the presence of the Podarcis gaigeae, a strictly local endemic species of lizard (one of the two Aegean endemic lizard species). Although overgrazed, the site is also a place of great aesthetic value.OTHER IMPORTANT SPECIES WITH MOTIVATON DSilene fabaria an Aegean region endemic (occurring only in W Anatolia out of Greece). The endemics Anthemis flexicaulis (rare) and Anthemis werneri ssp. insularis (indeterminate) are included in the IUCN Red Data List(1993) in the category of threatened plants and are protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81). Scrophularia heterophylla is a Balkan endemic.


Σχόλιο για τις απειλές-διαταραχές
Τρωτότητα The main threats within and around the site have been described in section 6.1. However it must be mentioned that these impacts are mainly modifications caused by human activities. Parts of the northern slopes are under heavy grazing, and have probably been so for a very long period of time. Further south grazing is less intense and large parts of the cliffs are virtually inaccessible to animals as well as to man. Continued grazing is probably not harmful to any of the important plant species now present.
Προτεραιότητα προστασίας

Πανίδα και Χλωρίδα

Χαρακτηριστικά Ενδιαιτήματα
Αξιόλογα Φυτά
Aethionema retsina
Aubrieta scyria
Campanula merxmuelleri
Centaurea rechingeri
Erysimum senoneri senoneri
Fritillaria ehrhartii
Galium reiseri
Malcolmia macrocalyx macrocalyx
Scorzonera scyria
Silene fabaria domocina
Αξιόλογα Θηλαστικά
Eptesicus serotinus (Τρανονυχτερίδα)
Αξιόλογα Πτηνά
Apus apus apus (Σταχτάρα)
Apus melba melba (Σκεπαρνάς)
Buteo buteo buteo (Γερακίνα)
Calonectris diomedea (Αρτέμης)
Delichon urbica urbica (Σπιτοχελίδονο)
Emberiza caesia (Σκουρόβλαχος)
Emberiza cineracea (Σμυρνότσιχλονο)
Falco biarmicus feldeggi (Χρυσογέρακο)
Falco eleonorae (Μαυροπετρίτης)
Falco peregrinus brookei (Πετρίτης)
Fringilla coelebs coelebs (Σπίνος)
Hippolais pallida elaeica (Ωχροστριτσίδα)
Hirundo rustica rustica (Χελιδόνι)
Motacilla cinerea (Σταχτοσουσουράδα)
Oenanthe hispanica (Ασπροκώλα)
Oenanthe oenanthe oenanthe (Σταχτοπετρόκλης)
Phalacrocorax aristotelis (Θαλασσοκόρακας)
Sylvia cantillans albistriata (Κοκκινοτσιροβάκος)
Αξιόλογα Αμφίβια / Ερπετά
Cyrtodactylus kotschyi adelphiensis (Κυρτοδάκτυλος των νησιών Αδέλφια)
Elaphe quatuorlineata quatuorlineata (Λαφίτης)
Elaphe situla (Σπιτόφιδο)
Lacerta trilineata cariensis (Τρανόσαυρα της Ικαρίας)
Mauremys caspica rivulata (Ποταμοχελώνα)
Natrix natrix persa (Ντρόφιδο το Περσικό)
Telescopus fallax fallax (Αγιόφιδο)
Typhlops vermicularis (Τυφλίνος)
Αξιόλογα Ψάρια
Αξιόλογα Ασπόνδυλα
Parnassius mnemosyne athene (Παρνάσσιος των Αθηνών)
Σχόλια για τα είδη