Στοιχεία Τόπου

Επίπεδα τόπων:

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Κωδικοί τόπων

Χαρτογραφικό υπόβαθρο:

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Κτηματολόγιο Α.Ε.

Γενικά Στοιχεία

Κατηγορία Τόπου Βιότοπος NATURA
Κωδικός Τόπου GR1440001
Κύριος Χαρακτήρας
Φυσικό Τοπίο
Δομημένο Τοπίο
Διοικητική Υποδιαίρεση Νομός Τρικάλων
Συνολική Έκταση (ha) 20094.10
Χερσαία Έκταση (ha) 20094.1
Συνολική Περίμετρος (km) 64.2
Μέγιστο Υψόμετρο (m) 2095.0
Ελάχιστο Υψόμετρο (m) 805.0
Ένταξη στο Υπάρχον Θεσμικό Πλαίσιο


Τύπος Τοπίου
Περιγραφή Τόπου The site consists of forest complexes, rivers with riparian vegetation and sub-alpine meadows. It includes the most important sources of Acheloos river, one of the longest rivers in Greece. Aspropotamos is formed by two rivers that converge to a main stream (forming an Y), which finally, out of the site, flows into Acheloos. The dominant tree species are Abies borissi-regis and Querqus cerris. There are pure forests of Abies borisii-regis (a habitat type not included in Annex I) and mixed forests with Fagus are formed where the fir and beech forests meet. Querqus cerris, also forms pure forests a habitat type with CORINE 1991 code 41.7512, but without the presence of Q. frainetto, also not included in Annex I). There are also reforestations with Pinus pallasiana ssp. nigra. The geomorphology of the site is characterized by a great variety of inclines and aspects. Other habitat types in the site are the calcareous cliffs of Pindus, with the alliance Gallion degenii, association Achillea clavenae and Minuartia stellata var. epirota (Quezel 1967) (8219); and the calcareous screes of central Pindos with Geranium aristatum. NOTE ON BIOGEOGRAPHIC REGION: The site, being in Central Pindos (Tringia 2204 m) and characterized by the presence of alpine and subalpine grasslands (Daphno-Festucetalia, Nardus swards) could be considered part of the alpine region; also the presence of Quercion cerris and Fagetalia could place part of the site in the sub-continental and continental biogeographic region.
Κατάσταση Τόπου
Εγκατάλειψη οικισμών
Τάση Κατάστασης Τόπου
Ιστορία και εξέλιξη του τόπου
Σημεία με καλή Θέα
Μονοπάτια Περίπατοι


Οικολογική Αξία
Κοινωνικοοικονομική/πολιτιστική Αξία
Αισθητική Αξία
Σχόλιο για τις αξίες The area is of great importance because it comprises a large variety of habitats of a very good quality. The conservation status of the habitats present and thus their potential for conservation are notable since both the forest and the rivers are generally undisturbed by human activities and effectively protected. The fir, beech and oak forests maintain their structure and function at an excellent status.The site's importance for biodiversity is proved by the presence of many animal and plant species (see sections 3.2, 3.3) which are endemic or protected by international conventions and by the Greek Law. Finally, one more element of the site's importance is its high aesthetic value. OTHER IMPORTANT SPECIES WITH MOTIVATION D Plants: The following species are included in the IUCN Red Data List (1993) in the category of threatened plants: Thesium brachyphyllum (rare), Barbarea sicula (vulnerable), Scutellaria rupestris ssp. adenotricha (a plant almost confined to Greece, just extending to S Albania). These plants are also protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81). Pinguicula crystallina ssp. hirtiflora is protected by the Bern Convention (1992) (cited on the list as P. crystallina, possibly referring to P. crystallina ssp. crystallina). Helictotrichon aetolicum, Geranium humbertii (=G. subcaulescens) are protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81). Viola eximia is included in the IUCN Red Data List (1993) in the category of threatened plants characterized as rare. Anthyllis vulneraria ssp. pindicola, Anthyllis vulneraria ssp. bulgarica, Astragalus creticus ssp. rumelicus, Dianthus integer ssp. minutiflorus, Cerastium decalvans, Geocaryum pindicolum, Helleborus cyclophyllus, Scabiosa taygetea ssp. taygetea, Nepeta spruneri, Sesleria tenerrima, Viola aetolica, Sideritis raeseri ssp. raeseri (=Sideritis sicula ssp. raeseri), Carum graecum ssp. graecum, Erysimum pusillum ssp. microstylum, Dianthus viscidus, Dianthus haematocalyx ssp. pindicola, Campanula spatulata ssp. spatulata and Poa thessala are balkan endemics. Erysimum cephalonicum is a species endemic to the mountains of north, west and central Greece and of Albania. Carlina frigida is a balkan endemic occurring in S. & C. Greece probably extending to Albania and SW (former) former Jugoslavia. Erigeron epiroticus is a species occurring in the S.W. part of the Baklan peninsula and locally in Italy. Anthemis cretica ssp. cretica is a Balkan endemic (it currently includes the species A. panachaica and A. meteorica which are included in the IUCN list of threatened plants as rare and are protected by the Greek Law -Presidential decree 67/81). Saxifraga marginata is protected by the Greek Law (Presidential decree 67/81) Acantholimon echinus ssp. lycaonicum is a species with distribution in Greece and W Anatolia. Festuca polita is a species with distribution in Greece and in W. Turkey. Geranium macrostylum a species with East Mediterranean distribution: Albania, S. (former) former Jugoslavia, W. & C. Anatolia, Greece. Lamium garganicum ssp. garganicum with distribution in S. & C. Greece and S. Italy. Ornithogalum oligophyllum is a species with distribution in the Balkan peninsula and Anatolia. Valantia aprica is a balkan endemic (Greece, Albania). Mammals: Martes foina is a species of Community interest included in Annex IV of the Directive 92/43/EEC. Mustela nivalis and Sciurus vulgaris are protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81).Reptiles: Vipera ammodytes, Lacerta viridis, L. trilineata, Coronella austriaca, and Podarcis muralis are species of Community interest included in Annex IV of the Directive 92/43/EEC and they are also protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81). C. austriaca is also included in CORINE checklist of threatened reptiles. Coluber gemonensis is protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81).Invertebrates: Zygaena viciae, Z. brisae, Z. lonicerae, Z, ephialtes, and Lycaeides argyrognomon are considered rare species (Heath J., 1981).


Σχόλιο για τις απειλές-διαταραχές
Τρωτότητα This area is threatened by overgrazing and by fires which are, however, controlled by the forestry department. In addition to that, a serious threat are the increased tourism activities.
Προτεραιότητα προστασίας

Πανίδα και Χλωρίδα

Χαρακτηριστικά Ενδιαιτήματα
Αξιόλογα Φυτά
Acantholimon echinus lycaonicum (Ακανθολιμών το λυκαονικό)
Aesculus hippocastanum (Πικροκαστανιά)
Anthemis cretica cretica
Anthyllis vulneraria bulgarica
Barbarea sicula
Cerastium candidissimum
Dianthus integer minutiflorus
Erysimum cephalonicum
Poa thessala
Trifolium parnassi
Viola eximia eximia
Αξιόλογα Θηλαστικά
Canis lupus (Λύκος)
Capreolus capreolus (Ζαρκάδι)
Cervus elaphus (Ελάφι)
Felis silvestris morea (Αγριόγατος του Μωριά)
Lepus europaeus carpathous (Λαγός της Καρπάθου)
Lutra lutra (Βίδρα)
Martes foina (Κουνάβι)
Meles meles (Ασβός)
Mustela nivalis galinthias (Νυφίτσα)
Rupicapra rupicapra balcanica (Αγριόγιδο)
Sciurus vulgaris ameliae (Σκίουρος Αμέλιος)
Sus scrofa (Αγριογούρουνο)
Ursus arctos (Αρκούδα)
Αξιόλογα Πτηνά
Αξιόλογα Αμφίβια / Ερπετά
Bombina variegata scabra (Κιτρινοβομβίνα)
Coluber gemonensis gemonensis
Coronella austriaca austriaca (Ασινόφιδο)
Elaphe situla (Σπιτόφιδο)
Emys orbicularis (Βαλτοχελώνα)
Lacerta trilineata cariensis (Τρανόσαυρα της Ικαρίας)
Lacerta viridis meridionalis (Πρασινόσαυρα η …)
Mauremys caspica rivulata (Ποταμοχελώνα)
Podarcis muralis albanica (Αλβανική γουστέρα)
Testudo graeca ibera (Γραικοχελώνα)
Vipera ammodytes meridionalis (Οχιά)
Αξιόλογα Ψάρια
Αξιόλογα Ασπόνδυλα
Lycaeides argyrognomon (Λουκαΐδης ο αργυρογνώμων)
Σχόλια για τα είδη