Στοιχεία Τόπου

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Κτηματολόγιο Α.Ε.

Γενικά Στοιχεία

Κατηγορία Τόπου Βιότοπος NATURA
Κωδικός Τόπου GR4130001
Κύριος Χαρακτήρας
Φυσικό Τοπίο
Δομημένο Τοπίο
Διοικητική Υποδιαίρεση Νομός Χίου
Συνολική Έκταση (ha) 34409.93
Χερσαία Έκταση (ha) 30574.48
Συνολική Περίμετρος (km) 138.6
Μέγιστο Υψόμετρο (m) 1200.0
Ελάχιστο Υψόμετρο (m)
Ένταξη στο Υπάρχον Θεσμικό Πλαίσιο


Τύπος Τοπίου
Περιγραφή Τόπου The island of Chios can be divided, in terms of morphology and vegetation, into three regions: The mountainous northern and western region, including the Pelinaion range (1297 m), the Kampos area which is a much cultivated belt in the east centre, and the hilly south-eastern region, famed for the cultivation of Pistacia lentiscus var. chia and the production of gum mastic. The site contains most of the first region and Oinouses, while its marine part covers 18% of the area. Oinouses is a group of small islands and islets 9 miles north-east of Chios town. The main characteristics of these islands are the open hills with light scrub and narrow valleys fall sharply to the sea with tiny coastal plains. Regarding geology, the greater part of Chios is composed of coarse grey, chalky limestone, forming, particularly in the northern region, bold ridges, rugged summits and craggy cliffs. In the north-west bulge of the island limestones are replaced by Palaeozoic schists and greywacke, and the hills are rounded with gentler slopes and wider valleys. Some other remarkable characteristics of the site are: the extensive area with evergreen shrubs and phrygana (a part of this area is used for grazing), the Pinus brutia forest which in some cases is dense and well conserved, the inland water bodies especially in the NE part of Chios, the extended arable part of the site, and the extensive aquatic area with posidonia beds and reefs. NOTESThe existence of reed beds - another habitat type not included in Annex I - within a wetland near Laggadas should also be noted.
Κατάσταση Τόπου
Εγκατάλειψη οικισμών
Τάση Κατάστασης Τόπου
Ιστορία και εξέλιξη του τόπου
Σημεία με καλή Θέα
Μονοπάτια Περίπατοι


Οικολογική Αξία
Κοινωνικοοικονομική/πολιτιστική Αξία
Αισθητική Αξία
Σχόλιο για τις αξίες The most remarkable elements indicating the quality and importance of the site are: (1) The variety of habitat types within the described area. (2) The interesting flora of the area with many endemic and rare plant species. (3) The great number of migratory birds passing trough the site every year. It should be noted that the site (and the island of Chios, in general) is located in a migration passage of birds. (4) The numerous reptiles which have been recorded in the area. Many of them are species of Community interest, according to the Directive 92/43/EEC. (5) The interesting plant and animal communities in the wetlands of Limnos Kardamilon, Delfini-Givari and Parpanta (all of them in the NE part of Chios) (6) The extensive and in good condition aquatic ecosystems of reefs and posidonia beds.OTHER IMPORTANT SPECIES (IN 3.3) WITH MOTIVATION D:The following taxa are protected by the greek Presidential Decree 67/81 (the IUCN characterisation for each taxon is given in brackets): Mammals: Crocidura suareolens, Crocidura russula, Crocidura lasia (Rare), Erinaceus concolor rhodius, Plecotus austriacus (Endangered), Tadarida teniotis (Endangered), Pipistrelus pipistrelus (Endangered). Amphibians: Bufo viridis, Hyla arborea. Reptiles: Hemidactylus turcicus, Chameleo chameleon, Ophisops elegans, Columber jucularis, Malpolon monspensulanus, Natrix natrix. Invertebrates: Freyeria trochylus, Hipparchia aristaeus, Charaxos jasicus, Archon apollinus. Plants: The following plant are included in the IUCN list in the category of threatened plants and (ecxept Fritillaria carica) are also protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/810: Thlaspi bulposum (Rare), Astragalus ptilodes (Rare), Pterocephalus pinardii (Rare), Scabiosa polycratis (Rare), Silene urvillei (Rare), Fritillaria carica (Rare), Fritillaria bithynica (Rare), Armeria cariensis (Rare), Galium recurvum (Rare), Campanula hagielia (Rare), Cyclamen persicum, Convolvulus scammonia, Allium sipyleum (Rare) and Polygonum icaricum (Rare). Sideritis sipylea and Petrorhagia armerioides are species of Anatolia extending to the East Aegean Islands (their only presence in Europe). Armeria cariensis and Galium recurvum are protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81). tachys cretica ssp. smyrnaea and Juncus heildreichianus ssp. heildreichianus are species restricted to the Aegean Islands and SW. Asia. eptiles: Chameleo chameleon, Ophisops elegans and Vipera xanthina are included in the chek-list of threatened reptiles, in the Corine-Biotops project. Invertebrates: Erynnis marloyi, Freyeria trochylus and Archon apollinus are threatened species in Europe (Dabrowski, 1995). The last species is also included in the chek-list of threatened invertebrates, in the Corine-Biotops project and in the catalogue of Threatened Rhopalocera (butterflies) of Europe (Council of Europe).


Σχόλιο για τις απειλές-διαταραχές
Τρωτότητα Overgrazing in a great part of the site constitutes a severe threat for the rare flora of the area. The expansion of the already extended cultivated area of the site could also be a threat for some habitats and species. The bird-fauna of the site (and generally of Chios) is threatened by a traditional activity of man: trapping birds using bird-limes. This activity is more intensive during the migration of birds through the island, since Chios lies in a migration passage of birds. The most important wetlands of the site (and of the Chios island) are affected by household and industrial waste. The marine ecosystems of the site are adversely influenced by the activities of aquacultures occurring in two gulfs of the NW part of Chios.
Προτεραιότητα προστασίας

Πανίδα και Χλωρίδα

Χαρακτηριστικά Ενδιαιτήματα
Αξιόλογα Φυτά
Astragalus ptilodes (Αστράγαλος ο πτιλώδης)
Campanula hagielia
Cephalanthera epipactoides
Convolvulus scammonia
Cyclamen persicum
Fritillaria bithynica
Fritillaria carica
Galanthus elwesii
Limodorum abortivum abortivum
Lomelosia polykratis (Λομελόζια του Πολυκράτη)
Orchis coriophora fragrans
Orchis provincialis
Orchis sancta
Polygonum icaricum
Senecio bicolor bicolor (Σενέκιο το δίχρωμο)
Sideritis sipylea
Silene urvillei (Σιληνή του Ουρβίλ)
Thlaspi bulbosum
Αξιόλογα Θηλαστικά
Crocidura suaveolens balcanica (Κηπομυγαλή των Βαλκανίων)
Lepus europaeus carpathous (Λαγός της Καρπάθου)
Lutra lutra (Βίδρα)
Monachus monachus (Μεσογειακή φώκια)
Pipistrellus pipistrellus (Νανονυχτερίδα)
Plecotus austriacus (Μεσογειακή ωτονυχτερίδα)
Tadarida teniotis (Νυχτονόμος)
Tursiops truncatus (Ρινοδέλφινο)
Αξιόλογα Πτηνά
Αξιόλογα Αμφίβια / Ερπετά
Agama stellio daani (Κροκοδειλάκι το νταάνιο)
Bufo bufo bufo (Χωματόφρυνος)
Bufo viridis viridis (Πρασινόφρυνος)
Chamaeleo chamaeleon chamaeleon (Χαμαιλέων)
Coluber caspius (Ζαμενής (Αστραπόφιδο))
Elaphe situla (Σπιτόφιδο)
Hemidactylus turcicus turcicus (Σαμιαμίδι)
Hyla arborea arborea (Δεντροβάτραχος)
Malpolon monspessulanus insignitus (Σαπίτης)
Mauremys caspica rivulata (Ποταμοχελώνα)
Natrix natrix persa (Ντρόφιδο το Περσικό)
Ophisops elegans macrodactylus (Οφίσωψ)
Testudo graeca ibera (Γραικοχελώνα)
Vipera xanthina (Οθωμανική οχιά)
Αξιόλογα Ψάρια
Αξιόλογα Ασπόνδυλα
Archon apollinus (Αρχων ο Απολλώνιος)
Charaxes jasius (Χαράξης ο ιάσιος)
Σχόλια για τα είδη