Στοιχεία Τόπου

Επίπεδα τόπων:

Σχεδίαση επιφανειών
Κωδικοί τόπων

Χαρτογραφικό υπόβαθρο:

Open cycle map
Open Street map
Κτηματολόγιο Α.Ε.

Γενικά Στοιχεία

Κατηγορία Τόπου Βιότοπος NATURA
Κωδικός Τόπου GR2550005
Κύριος Χαρακτήρας
Φυσικό Τοπίο
Δομημένο Τοπίο
Διοικητική Υποδιαίρεση Νομός Μεσσηνίας
Συνολική Έκταση (ha) 1342.86
Χερσαία Έκταση (ha) 1342.86
Συνολική Περίμετρος (km) 46.2
Μέγιστο Υψόμετρο (m) 88.0
Ελάχιστο Υψόμετρο (m)
Ένταξη στο Υπάρχον Θεσμικό Πλαίσιο


Τύπος Τοπίου
Περιγραφή Τόπου This site is a part of the Western Peloponnisos coastline, where very favourable ecological conditions for sand-dune development prevail. The coasts of the examined site of Western Peloponnisos, more than anywhere else along the Greek coasts, are exposed to open sea and consequently to the prevailing SW winds that cause sand-dune formation. Nearly all the soils of the area investigated belong to the sandy soil class, resulting from physical rock weathering. They consist of small angular fragments derived from rock which are later transported by wind or water. The landscape of this site is composed of the following units: Ammophilous ammonitrophilous vegetation of low and high sand-dunes, phrygana and macquis vegetation, P. halepensis forests on sandy substrate and other landscape units such as cultivated land, villages, etc. The height of the sand-dunes of the examined site ranges from 1 to 8 (-10) m above sea-level and, depending on their height and the presence of humus and plant remains, various plant associations and other syntaxa occur, for example: Agropyretum mediterraneum, Ammophiletum arrundinaceae, Cakiletea maritimae, Euphorbia terracina-Silene nicaeensis. A more or less distinct zonal pattern can be observed from the sea to the inland, i.e., a strip of sand, followed by low sand dunes, and high sand dunes, with ammophilous vegetation, then high sand dunes with Pinus halepensis forests.
Κατάσταση Τόπου
Εγκατάλειψη οικισμών
Τάση Κατάστασης Τόπου
Ιστορία και εξέλιξη του τόπου
Σημεία με καλή Θέα
Μονοπάτια Περίπατοι


Οικολογική Αξία
Κοινωνικοοικονομική/πολιτιστική Αξία
Αισθητική Αξία
Σχόλιο για τις αξίες The main ecological value of this site is due to the sand-dune ecosystems. In Greece, sand dune ecosystems are decreasing in number and area, and in some cases have disappeared altogether. On these coasts of the Western Peloponnese, well-developed sand-dune formations still survive. The presence of well-structured coastal Alepo pine forests at a distance of not more than 100-200m from the sea growing on the top of high stabilized sand-dune formations, is of high aesthetic value. The mosaic of vegetation in this site is fairly unique, and it is representative of well-preserved sand-dune ecosystems, in Greece. Pancratium maritimum is included in Section 3.3 with the motivation D since it is a species whose populations have been considerably reduced along the Greek coasts. In some of the documented localities of this taxon reported by many investigators of the hellenic flora, it is no longer present. The zoological importance of this site is assessed by the fact that it is considered one of the most significant nesting beaches for the sea turtle Caretta caretta in Greece and in the eastern Mediterranean. Indeed, for the part of beach lying between the estuaries of the rivers Nedas and Arkadikos (about 10km in length), a significant nest production rate of 228-700 nests per reproductive season has been reported (a beach is considered as an important nesting area for Caretta caretta if it shows mean values of nesting density higher than 5 nests/km/season). This turtle is a priority species in the Directive 92/43/E.E.C. and also a threatened animal (threat category: "Endangered"). Other Directive taxa, which live in the area are the tortoises, Testudo hermanni and T. marginata, and the snake Elaphe situla. Among the remaining taxa evaluated as Other Important (section 3.3) there are some Greek endemic lizard species (Anguis cephallonicus, Lacerta graeca, Podarcis erhardii livadiaca and P. peloponnesiaca). All taxa are protected by the Bern Convention, and are therefore marked with the C motivation, while all except Vipera ammodytes are also protected by Greek legislation (Presidential Decree 67/1981) and so receive motivation D. Rana dalmatina and Natrix tessellata are additionally indicated by D since they are mentioned in the handbook of the CORINE-Biotopes Project. Similarly, the legless lizard Ophiomorus punctatissimus and the lacertid lizard Podarcis taurica ionica also obtain the D motivation since the former taxon shows the westernmost end of its distribution area (covering southern Greece and southwestern Turkey only) in Peloponnisos, and the latter taxon since it is an endemic element of the SW Balkans. The invertebrate species listed in section 3.3 with motivation C are protected by the Bern Convention. Saturnia pyri is protected by the IUCN Red List and the European Red List of Globally Threatened Animals and Plants and it is included in the "Listing of biotopes in Europe according to their significance for invertebrates". The invertebrate species listed in section 3.3 with motivation D are protected by the Greek Presidential Decree 67/1981. Anthocharis damone, Thersamonia thetis and Pieris krueperi are also included in the IUCN Red List. Additionally, Thersamonia thersamon is included in the IUCN Red List. Pieris ergane and Plebejus sephirus are also included in the "Listing of biotopes in Europe according to their significance for invertebrates".


Σχόλιο για τις απειλές-διαταραχές
Τρωτότητα The main human activities placing pressures on the ecosystem in the site, are related to sand extraction, the clearance of sand-dune vegetation, flattering of the dune formations for the visitors and the expansion of cultivated land on sandy substrate close to the sea. The locality of Agiannakis is a good example of this, hence destroying dune vegetation. All these activities cause intensive pressure to the fauna of this site, especially to the nesting activity of Caretta caretta.
Προτεραιότητα προστασίας

Πανίδα και Χλωρίδα

Χαρακτηριστικά Ενδιαιτήματα
Αξιόλογα Φυτά
Pancratium maritimum
Αξιόλογα Θηλαστικά
Αξιόλογα Πτηνά
Αξιόλογα Αμφίβια / Ερπετά
Caretta caretta caretta (Χελώνα καρέττα)
Elaphe situla (Σπιτόφιδο)
Lacerta graeca (Γραικόσαυρα)
Malpolon monspessulanus insignitus (Σαπίτης)
Natrix tessellata tessellata (Κυβόφιδο)
Ophiomorus punctatissimus (Οφιόμορος)
Podarcis peloponnesiaca lais (Γουστέρα της Βόρειας Πελοποννήσου)
Rana dalmatina (Ευκίνητος Βάτραχος)
Rana graeca (Ελληνικός Βάτραχος)
Testudo hermanni hermanni (Ονυχοχελώνα)
Testudo marginata (Κρασπεδωτή χελώνα)
Vipera ammodytes meridionalis (Οχιά)
Αξιόλογα Ψάρια
Αξιόλογα Ασπόνδυλα
Anthocharis damone (Ανθόχαρις του Δάμωνα)
Charaxes jasius (Χαράξης ο ιάσιος)
Cyaniris helena (Κουανίρις η Ελένη)
Papilio alexanor (Παπίλιο ο Αλεξάνωρ)
Parnassius mnemosyne athene (Παρνάσσιος των Αθηνών)
Pieris ergane (Πιερίς η Εργάνη)
Thersamonia thetis (Θερσαμονία η Θέτις)
Zerynthia polyxena (Ζερύνθια η Πολυξένη)
Σχόλια για τα είδη