Στοιχεία Τόπου

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Γενικά Στοιχεία

Κατηγορία Τόπου Βιότοπος NATURA
Κωδικός Τόπου GR2550004
Κύριος Χαρακτήρας
Φυσικό Τοπίο
Δομημένο Τοπίο
Διοικητική Υποδιαίρεση Νομός Μεσσηνίας
Συνολική Έκταση (ha) 3551.97
Χερσαία Έκταση (ha) 1904.26
Συνολική Περίμετρος (km) 36.2
Μέγιστο Υψόμετρο (m) 126.0
Ελάχιστο Υψόμετρο (m)
Ένταξη στο Υπάρχον Θεσμικό Πλαίσιο


Τύπος Τοπίου
Περιγραφή Τόπου The almost circular bay of Navarino, accounts for approximately half of the surface area of this site. The western part of the bay is closed by the elongated island of Sfaktiria which has an orientation parallel to that of the opposite coast. This island is hilly, with a height of 106m, and has a calcareous substrate. A very characteristic vagetation of Juniperus phoenicea mixed with Euphorbia dendroides, Ruta chalepensis, Phlomis fruticosa and other phrygana species exists on this island. The entrance to the bay is at the southern edge of the site, and is partly, closed by the islet of Pylos, almost opposite the small town of the same name. To the north-west of the site, the coastal lagoon "Divari" of Pylos or of Gialova is situated. This is a shallow, brackish lake (with marshes), partly drying up in the summer. Around the lake, formations of mud- and sand-flats occur, mixed with salt marshes and salt forest of Tamarix species. Cliffs and rocky shores are present at the north of the lagoon, and give the appearance of being a continuation of the island of Sfaktiria. Well-developed sand-dunes occur between the lagoon and the sea-shore, and here healthy formations of Juniperus phoenicea and Platanus sp. grow.
Κατάσταση Τόπου
Εγκατάλειψη οικισμών
Τάση Κατάστασης Τόπου
Ιστορία και εξέλιξη του τόπου
Σημεία με καλή Θέα
Μονοπάτια Περίπατοι


Οικολογική Αξία
Κοινωνικοοικονομική/πολιτιστική Αξία
Αισθητική Αξία
Σχόλιο για τις αξίες Significant formations of Juniperus phoenicea exist on the sand-dunes and calcareous rocky ecosystems of the island of Sfaktiria, where they may grow to a considerable height. The phrygana vegetation ecosystems around Pylos offer shelter to some very rare endemic plant taxa with significant phytogeographical and biological interest. Many noteworthy non-bird vertebrates are known to live in this site. Some reptiles are species of the Directive 92/43 EEC (Annex II) among which, Caretta caretta is a priority species (section 3.2). All seven taxa are protected by the Bern Convention and the Greek Presidential Decree 67/1981; C.caretta an "Endangered" species according to the Greek Red Data Book, is also protected by the CITES Convention, as well as, other Greek Presidential Decrees and Ministerial Decisions. The "closed" Pylos Gulf is probably used by this turtle as a favourable area for the lodging and development of juveniles and young, and for an adult feeding ground. However, the nesting activity in this site is low showing values smaller than 5 nests per km. Of the remaining taxa evaluated as Other and Greek Important species according to the motivation system of section 3.3, the most notable is the Mediterranean Chameleon, Chamaeleo chamaeleon. This distinctive lizard has a very limited distribution in Europe, being confined to the southern ends of the Iberian and Balkan Peninsula. In Greece this species is considered as threatened, placed in the category "Rare". The present site is the only one in the Greek mainland where a small chameleon population presently lives (older records from Peloponnisos-Mani Peninsula and the area of Kalamata- have not been verified). Other Greek populations of the Chamaeleo occur on the islands of Chios, Samos and Kriti. Remarkable species are also the lacertid lizards Lacerta graeca and Podarcis peloponnesiaca, which are endemic to Peloponnisos (motivation B), the legless skink lizard Ophiomorus punctatissimus which has the westernmost area of its distribution in Peloponnisos (it occurs only in S.Greece and SW Turkey) and the colubrid snake Coluber gemonensis which are both Balkan endemics (motivation D). All Other Important taxa of the taxa obtain the C motivation as being mentioned in the Bern Convention's lists; chameleon and the boid snake Eryx jaculus are also protected by the CITES Convention. Most taxa of these two sections are moreover listed in the catalogue of the Greek Presidential Decree 67/1981 (motivation D); exceptions concern Ophisaurus apodus, Ablepharus kitaibelii, Eryx jaculus and Martes foina. The Divari lagoon is also important from an ornithological point of view since it seems to be a valuable resting place for migratory species. Herons (Ardea purpurea and Ardeola ralloides), egrets (Egretta garzetta), bitterns (Ixobrychis minutus), storks (C.ciconis), ducks (T.tadorna), flamingos (Phoenicopterus ruber), waders (H.himantopus) and pratincoles (Glareola pratincola) are among them. Rollers(Circaetus gallicus, Circus aeruginosus, B.buteo, Tyto alba, Coracias garrulus), waders (Charadrins alexandrinus, Tringa totanus), rails (Rallus aquaticus), gulls (Larus melanocephalus), terns (Gelochelidon nilotica, Sterna albifrons) and other forms compose the local avifauna. Some species are threatened, for example Ardea purpurea ("Vulnerable"), Phoenicopterus ruber ("Rare"), T.tadorna ("Vulnerable"), Circus aeruginosus ("Vulnerable"), H.himantopus ("Vulnerable"), Gelochelidon nilotica("Endangered"), Larus melanocephalus ("Vulnerable"), Coracias garrulus ("Vulnerable"). The presence of such a rich avifauna in this site, has led to it being classed as an EC Important Bird Area. The invertebrate species listed in section 3.3 with motivation C is protected by the Bern Convention.The invertebrate species listed in section 3.3 with motivation D are protected by the Greek Presidential Decree 67/1981.


Σχόλιο για τις απειλές-διαταραχές
Τρωτότητα This site is influenced by a number of human activities which take place within and around it. Cultivation of the lagoon's surroundings threatens the lagoon with pollution from fertilizers, etc. Another threat is oil spillage from approaching tankers.Α ship laden with chemicals sank in the area, hence increasing the threats to the marine ecosystem of this site. Tourism, boating, stock-farming, fishing, hunting and shooting are also obvious detrimental factors. Effective protection of the habitats and animal taxa is urgently needed, especially for the sea-turtle, chameleon, tortoises and waterfowl. Particular attention should be paid to the chameleon and its habitat near the Divari lagoon. Strict control or even total prohibition of shooting in the area would be greatly beneficial to the migratory birds which nest in this lagoon.
Προτεραιότητα προστασίας

Πανίδα και Χλωρίδα

Χαρακτηριστικά Ενδιαιτήματα
Αξιόλογα Φυτά
Allium circinnatum peloponnesiacum
Αξιόλογα Θηλαστικά
Crocidura suaveolens balcanica (Κηπομυγαλή των Βαλκανίων)
Martes foina (Κουνάβι)
Mustela nivalis galinthias (Νυφίτσα)
Αξιόλογα Πτηνά
Αξιόλογα Αμφίβια / Ερπετά
Ablepharus kitaibelii fabichi (Αβλέφαρος)
Bufo bufo bufo (Χωματόφρυνος)
Bufo viridis viridis (Πρασινόφρυνος)
Caretta caretta caretta (Χελώνα καρέττα)
Chamaeleo chamaeleon chamaeleon (Χαμαιλέων)
Coluber gemonensis gemonensis
Coluber najadum dahlii (Σαΐτα του Νταλ)
Elaphe quatuorlineata quatuorlineata (Λαφίτης)
Elaphe situla (Σπιτόφιδο)
Emys orbicularis (Βαλτοχελώνα)
Eryx jaculus turcicus (Έρυξ (Λουρίτης))
Hemidactylus turcicus turcicus (Σαμιαμίδι)
Hyla arborea arborea (Δεντροβάτραχος)
Lacerta graeca (Γραικόσαυρα)
Lacerta trilineata cariensis (Τρανόσαυρα της Ικαρίας)
Malpolon monspessulanus insignitus (Σαπίτης)
Mauremys caspica rivulata (Ποταμοχελώνα)
Natrix natrix persa (Ντρόφιδο το Περσικό)
Natrix tessellata tessellata (Κυβόφιδο)
Ophiomorus punctatissimus (Οφιόμορος)
Ophisaurus apodus thracius (Τυφλίτης)
Podarcis peloponnesiaca lais (Γουστέρα της Βόρειας Πελοποννήσου)
Testudo hermanni hermanni (Ονυχοχελώνα)
Testudo marginata (Κρασπεδωτή χελώνα)
Αξιόλογα Ψάρια
Αξιόλογα Ασπόνδυλα
Papilio alexanor (Παπίλιο ο Αλεξάνωρ)
Σχόλια για τα είδη