Στοιχεία Τόπου

Επίπεδα τόπων:

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Κωδικοί τόπων

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Κτηματολόγιο Α.Ε.

Γενικά Στοιχεία

Κατηγορία Τόπου Βιότοπος NATURA
Κωδικός Τόπου GR2540001
Κύριος Χαρακτήρας
Φυσικό Τοπίο
Δομημένο Τοπίο
Διοικητική Υποδιαίρεση Νομός Λακωνίας
Συνολική Έκταση (ha) 28797.97
Χερσαία Έκταση (ha) 28797.97
Συνολική Περίμετρος (km) 147.1
Μέγιστο Υψόμετρο (m) 1274.0
Ελάχιστο Υψόμετρο (m)
Ένταξη στο Υπάρχον Θεσμικό Πλαίσιο


Τύπος Τοπίου
Περιγραφή Τόπου The site consists of bare or sparsely forested mountains and in scrub in many places. The coastal line often ends with steep sea-cliffs and rocky shores. Geologically, the site belongs to the Gavrovos-Tripolis zone and consists mainly of phyllites and dark-coloured limestones of Jurassic age as well as Eocenic and Oligocenic flysch. At higher altitudes the vegetation consists of coniferous forests with Abies cephallonica and Pinus nigra ssp. pallasiana. At lower altitudes Juniperus phoenicea arborescent matorals, while Thermo-Mediterranean brush vegetation, thickets and heath-garrigues mixed with Sarcopoterium spinosum phrygana predominate in the area. Scattered spots of Platanus orientalis, Nerium oleander and Tamarix galleries are also present while some thickets of Castanea sativa exist.
Κατάσταση Τόπου
Εγκατάλειψη οικισμών
Τάση Κατάστασης Τόπου
Ιστορία και εξέλιξη του τόπου
Σημεία με καλή Θέα
Μονοπάτια Περίπατοι


Οικολογική Αξία
Κοινωνικοοικονομική/πολιτιστική Αξία
Αισθητική Αξία
Σχόλιο για τις αξίες The whole site offers a great variety of ecological niches. It is a very interesting area for resting and nesting of migratory birds. At the southernmost limits of the site, the unique rocky landscape of Monemvasia occurs. This landscape pays host to the Venetian castle as well as some very rare floral elements, such as Euphorbia dendroides formations and very rare and local endemic plant taxa like Stachys spreitzenhoferi ssp. virella and Campanula andrewsii ssp. hirsutula. Together, these give the area special impetus for conservation and management. The fauna of this site is surprisingly diverse. Indeed many amphibian, reptilian and mammalian taxa evaluated as important have been recorded here. Specific chelonian taxa are mentioned in Annex II of the Directive 92/43/EEC (see Section 3.2). All these taxa are named in the Bern Convention and protected by law in Greece (Presidential Decree 67/1981). Of the Other Important taxa (Section 3.3) the jackal (Canis aureus) is threatened and placed in the category "Vulnerable" according to the Greek Red Data Book. Some lizard species and one carnivorous mammel are endemic Greek taxa (motivation B). This becomes more significant if one takes into consideration the total number of endemic reptiles in Greece. All taxa listed in the table of section 3.3 are protected by the Bern Convention (excluding the jackel Canis aureus) and therefore they have been given motivation C. The same motivation is additionally given to the snake Eryx jaculus because it is included in the CITES Convention. Most of the Other Important Taxa are also listed in the Greek Presidential Decree 67/1981 and are indicated by motivation D. Moreover, the amphibians Bufo viridis and Hyla arborea, and the lizard Cyrtoaoctylus kotschyi bibroni, being evaluated by the CORINE-Biotopes Project, receive the D motivation. The lizard Ablepharus kitaibelii is marked with D since it is mentioned only in the above project.For specific taxa there are additional reasons for their being allocated motivation D. Namely, the colubrid snake Coluber gemonensis are endemic to the Western Balkans. Also, a) the legless lizard Ophiomorus punctatissimus shows a limited distribution in Greece where the westernmost part of the species' area of distribution lies, and b) the hare Lepus europaeus is very rare throughout Greece because of intensive hunting. The invertebrate species listed in section 3.3 with motivation C are protected by the Bern Convention.The invertebrate species listed in section 3.3 with motivation D are protected by the Greek Presidential Decree 67/1981. Pieris ergane is also included in the "Listing of biotopes in Europe according to their significance for invertebrates".


Σχόλιο για τις απειλές-διαταραχές
Τρωτότητα The area is influenced by human activities such as stock-farming (overgrazing), hunting and shooting. On the other hand, the urbanization of the Venetian castle of Monemvasia threatens the unique flora of the area. Hunting and shooting causes serious negative effects on the bird populations. Stock and arable farming, tourism, leisure and residential activities have variously altered many vertebrate habitats. Overgrazing and subsequent impacts on vegetation are good examples of these alterations, although their exact influence on the overall ecosystem has not been assessed. Gerax port, situated near by the site, is a potential threat.
Προτεραιότητα προστασίας

Πανίδα και Χλωρίδα

Χαρακτηριστικά Ενδιαιτήματα
Αξιόλογα Φυτά
Abies cephalonica (Κεφαλλονίτικο έλατο)
Asperula taygetea
Brassica cretica laconica
Campanula andrewsii hirsutula
Centaurea raphanina mixta
Crocus niveus
Draba strasseri
Galium peloponnesiacum
Inula verbascifolia methanea
Muscari pulchellum clepsydroides
Sideritis clandestina clandestina
Silene congesta
Stachys chrysantha
Stachys spreitzenhoferi virella
Teucrium francisci-werneri
Viola mercurii
Αξιόλογα Θηλαστικά
Canis aureus moreoticus (Τσακάλι)
Lepus europaeus carpathous (Λαγός της Καρπάθου)
Martes foina (Κουνάβι)
Mustela nivalis galinthias (Νυφίτσα)
Αξιόλογα Πτηνά
Αξιόλογα Αμφίβια / Ερπετά
Ablepharus kitaibelii fabichi (Αβλέφαρος)
Algyroides moreoticus (Πελοπονησσιακή σαύρα)
Bufo bufo bufo (Χωματόφρυνος)
Bufo viridis viridis (Πρασινόφρυνος)
Coluber gemonensis gemonensis
Coluber najadum dahlii (Σαΐτα του Νταλ)
Eryx jaculus turcicus (Έρυξ (Λουρίτης))
Hemidactylus turcicus turcicus (Σαμιαμίδι)
Hyla arborea arborea (Δεντροβάτραχος)
Lacerta graeca (Γραικόσαυρα)
Lacerta trilineata cariensis (Τρανόσαυρα της Ικαρίας)
Malpolon monspessulanus insignitus (Σαπίτης)
Mauremys caspica rivulata (Ποταμοχελώνα)
Ophiomorus punctatissimus (Οφιόμορος)
Podarcis peloponnesiaca lais (Γουστέρα της Βόρειας Πελοποννήσου)
Testudo hermanni hermanni (Ονυχοχελώνα)
Testudo marginata (Κρασπεδωτή χελώνα)
Typhlops vermicularis (Τυφλίνος)
Vipera ammodytes meridionalis (Οχιά)
Αξιόλογα Ψάρια
Αξιόλογα Ασπόνδυλα
Charaxes jasius (Χαράξης ο ιάσιος)
Papilio alexanor (Παπίλιο ο Αλεξάνωρ)
Pieris ergane (Πιερίς η Εργάνη)
Zerynthia polyxena (Ζερύνθια η Πολυξένη)
Σχόλια για τα είδη