Στοιχεία Τόπου

Επίπεδα τόπων:

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Κτηματολόγιο Α.Ε.

Γενικά Στοιχεία

Κατηγορία Τόπου Βιότοπος NATURA
Κωδικός Τόπου GR2320002
Κύριος Χαρακτήρας
Φυσικό Τοπίο
Δομημένο Τοπίο
Διοικητική Υποδιαίρεση Νομός Αχαϊας
Συνολική Έκταση (ha) 17493.03
Χερσαία Έκταση (ha) 17493.03
Συνολική Περίμετρος (km) 50.4
Μέγιστο Υψόμετρο (m) 2337.0
Ελάχιστο Υψόμετρο (m) 600.0
Ένταξη στο Υπάρχον Θεσμικό Πλαίσιο


Τύπος Τοπίου
Περιγραφή Τόπου Mt. Chelmos is located in Northern Peloponnisos and is characterized by a variety of geological substrata and soil types (conglomerates, limestones of Olonos-Pindos zone, flysh). The main elements of its "wild" landscape include: well forested slopes of the Meso- and Supra-Mediterranean vegetation zone with Abies cephalonica and Pinus nigra subsp. pallasiana forests, steep calcareous cliffs, the Mavrolimni lake (2050 m) of glacier origin (this is the only "alpine" lake of Peloponnisos) and the impressive Styx valley associated with a small, wet cave and a waterfall at its base. Erosion of limestone has mainly contributed to the formation of a strong relief with steep calcareous cliffs and screes. The closed, dense grasslands with Trifolium parnasii (Trifolion parnassi) and Alopecurus gerardi of the Mountain- and Oro-Mediterranean vegetation zones participate in the formation of a vegetation complex clearly differentiated into four major vegetation types (open stepped grasslands, calcareous cliffs, calcareous screes and dense, closed grasslands). Forests of good structure characterized by a more diverse flora are present on the eastern slopes of Mt. Chelmos compared with the northern slopes.
Κατάσταση Τόπου
Εγκατάλειψη οικισμών
Τάση Κατάστασης Τόπου
Ιστορία και εξέλιξη του τόπου
Σημεία με καλή Θέα
Μονοπάτια Περίπατοι


Οικολογική Αξία
Κοινωνικοοικονομική/πολιτιστική Αξία
Αισθητική Αξία
Σχόλιο για τις αξίες The concentration of a high number of Greek and local endemics many of which belong to one of the IUCN RED DATA BOOK categories, in addition to a species belonging to the priority species listed on Annex II of Council Directive 92/43/EEC, contributes to the promotion of the ecological value of this landscape which is also characterized by geomorphological features of special interest and importance. From the Other Important Species of Flora listed in section 3.3, the following taxa are included with motivation D, for the reasons mentioned below. Acantholimon echinus: Interesting distribution pattern since it is disributed as concerns Greece only on limestone. Mountains of continental Greece (Peloponnisos) as well as Samos and Chios (Aegean islands) extending to W Anatolia. Alchemilla aroanica: exclusive endemic occurring in ravines at 1800-2200 m. Aster alpinus: A variable species widespread in mountains of C and S Europe and C, SW Asia, distributed only on Mts Chelmos and Killini in Southern Greece. Euphorbia capitulata: A rare species endemic to the Balkan Peninsula (Former Yugoslavia, Albania, Bulgaria and Greece). Chelmos is the only locality in Southern Greece where this species occurs. Hammatolobium lotoides: It shows a fragmentary distribution area since it occurs on Greek Mts (Chelmos, Taygetos, Menalon, Tragovouni) and S. Turkey. Odontites glutinosa: A species with limited occurrence in Greece (Mts Chelmos and Taygetos. Moreover to the above mentioned taxa incorporated in Motivation D, some comments must be made on the geographical distribution of the rest species which belong to the following categories: a) Balkan endemics: Poa thessala, Lilium chalcedonicum, Minuartia stellata, Acer heldreichi, Dianthus integer subsp. minutiflorus, Achillea holosericea, Arenaria cretica, Astragalus creticus subsp. rumelicus, Campanula spatulata subsp. spatulata,Herniaria parnassica subsp. parnassica,Hieracium cymosum subsp. heldreichianum, Myosotis alpestris subsp. suaveolens, Scrophularia laciniata, Trifolium pignantii, Valantia aprica, Allium phthioticum, Arabis bryoides, Senecio thapsoides, Alchemilla indivisa, Arenaria conferta subsp. conferta, Tulipa orphanidea, Anthemis arvensis subsp. cyllenea, Bromus cappadocicus subsp. lacmonicus, Crocus sieberi subsp. sublimis, Dianthus cruentus, Hieracium naegelianum, Hieracium parnassi, Linum hologynum, Pedicularis graeca, Saxifraga rotundifolia subsp. taygetea, Scabiosa graminifolia subsp. graminifolia, Sesleria tenerrima, Silene caesia, Viola aetolica. b) Species distributed in the Balkan peninsula and Anatolia: Acanthollimon echinus subsp.echinus, Anthemis cretica subsp. cretica, Aethionema saxatile subsp. oreophilum, Carduus tmoleus, Dianthus viscidus, Geranium macrostylum, Saxifraga sempervivum, Scrophularia myriophylla, Thymus longicaulis subsp. chaubardii, Allium frigidum, Pimpinella tragium subsp. polyclada, Arenaria filicaulis subsp. graeca, Saponaria chlorifolia, Achillea fraasii, Galium incanum subsp. incanum, Omphalodes luciliae subsp. scopulorum, Ornithogalum oligophyllum, Rhamnus saxatilis subsp. prunifolius. c) The remaining species present an interesting distribution range. Some of the above mentioned species are incorporated in one of the IUCN Red Data Book categories (WCMC 1993): Allium frigidum (R), Allium phtioticum (R), Scrophularia myriophylla (R), Aquilegia ottonis subsp. ottonis (R), Chamaetolobium lotoides (R), Solenanthus stamineus (nt). A very interesting vertebrate fauna has been recorded in this site. Many vertebrate taxa (other than birds) have been evaluated as the most important for various reasons. Concerning the taxonomic status of Salmo macrostigma (Economidis, pers. comm.) its Greek populations should be classified as Salmo trutta macrostigma. Many taxa (section 3.3) are regarded as "Other Important Species" fulfilling either one or more motivation categories used for taxa evaluation. More precisely two small mammals, Dryomys nitedula wingei and Cricetulus migratorius are threatened animals included in the lists of the Greek Red Data Book as "Rare" and Endangered respectively (motivation A). Some lizard taxa and the fox Vulpes v. hellenica are endemic to Greece indicated by the B motivation. All Other Important taxa, except the hamster Cricetulus migratorius, are protected by the Bern Convention and therefore marked with motivation C. The same motivation is additionally given to the wildcat Felis silvestris since it is also protected by the CITES Convention. Apart from the lizard Ablepharus kitaibelii, the snakes Typhlops vermicularis and Vipera ammodytes, the hare Lepus europaeus and the carnivores Vulpes v. hellenica, Martes foina, M. meles and Felis silvestris, all the remaining taxa of section 3.3 are included in the Greek Presidential Decree 67/1981, thus obtaining motivation D. Concerning the frog Rana dalmatina, the lizards Cyrtodactylus kotschyi and Ablepharus kitaibelii, the snake Coronella austriaca and the wildcat Felis silvestris, the D motivation is additionally given to these taxa since they are included in the handbook of the CORINE-Biotopes Project. Moreover, the same motivation characterizes the lizard Podarcis taurica ionica, the snake Coluber gemonensis and Dryomys nitedula wingei because they are Balkan endemics. Three other species, namely the gecko lizard Cyrtodactylus kotschyi bibroni, the hare Lepus europaeus and the wildcat Felis silvestris are eligible for motivation D since the former has a very broken distribution area in Greece, and the other two are generally very rare in Greece. The invertebrate species listed in section 3.3 with motivation C are protected by the Bern Convention. The invertebrate species listed in section 3.3 with motivation D are protected by the Greek Presidential Decree 67/1981. Anthocharis damone, Heodes alciphron, Thersamonia thetis and Spialia phlomidis are also included in the IUCN Red List. Pieris ergane is also included in the "Listing of biotopes in Europe according to their significance for invertebrates". Saturnia pyri is protected by the IUCN Red List and the European Red List of Globally Threatened Animals and Plants and it is included in the "Listing of biotopes in Europe according to their significance for invertebrates". Thersamonia thersamon, Pieris krueperi and Elphistonia charlonia are included in the list of "Threatened Rhopalocera (butterflies) of Europe.


Σχόλιο για τις απειλές-διαταραχές
Τρωτότητα Overgrazing, expanding road networks and hunting are the main human activities which constitute threats for the ecologically significant habitats and in general of the mountainous landscape of Chelmos. The operation of the ski centre affects the mountainous ecosystems of Chelmos (plants, animals and soils). Mt. Chelmos traditionally offers many places for holidays and tourism thanks to its natural beauty. This site is a botanical paradise with concentrations of rare and endemic plants. The opening of the Cave of the Lakes at Kastria village in combination with the existing freshwater fish station at Planitero village nearby, have all increased the number of tourists - not all of whom are careful. Taking into account this fact and also the illegal hunting and overgrazing one understands the pressures acting on the very important ecosystems and landscape of Mt. Chelmos.
Προτεραιότητα προστασίας

Πανίδα και Χλωρίδα

Χαρακτηριστικά Ενδιαιτήματα
Αξιόλογα Φυτά
Abies cephalonica (Κεφαλλονίτικο έλατο)
Acantholimon echinus echinus (Ακανθολιμών ο εχίνος)
Acer heldreichii heldreichii (Αγριοπλάτανος)
Achillea umbellata monocephala
Aethionema cordatum
Alchemilla aroanica
Alchemilla indivisa
Allium phthioticum
Amelanchier chelmea (Αμελάνχιερ του Χελμού)
Anthemis cretica cretica
Aquilegia ottonis ottonis
Arabis bryoides
Arabis subflava
Arenaria conferta conferta
Arenaria filicaulis graeca
Asperula arcadiensis
Asperula boissieri
Asperula lutea
Aster alpinus
Aurinia moreana
Beta nana
Bolanthus chelmicus
Campanula aizoon aizoides
Campanula topaliana topaliana
Cardamine carnosa
Centaurea achaia achaia
Centaurea raphanina mixta
Cerastium candidissimum
Chaerophyllum heldreichii
Cirsium hypopsilum
Corydalis parnassica
Crataegus pycnoloba
Dianthus biflorus
Dianthus integer minutiflorus
Dianthus mercurii
Dianthus tymphresteus
Draba lacaitae
Erodium chrysanthum
Erysimum cephalonicum
Erysimum pectinatum
Euphorbia capitulata
Fritillaria graeca
Geocaryum peloponnesiacum
Globularia stygia (Γκλομπουλάρια της Στύγας)
Gypsophila nana
Laserpitium pseudomeum
Lilium chalcedonicum
Lonicera hellenica (Αγιόκλημα το Ελληνικό)
Lysimachia serpyllifolia
Minuartia confusa
Minuartia juniperina
Minuartia stellata
Myosotis minutiflora
Nepeta parnassica
Onobrychis ebenoides
Paronychia albanica graeca
Peucedanum longifolium
Poa thessala
Polygala subuniflora
Rhamnus sibthorpianus (Ράμνος του Σίμπθορπ)
Rindera graeca
Saxifraga sibthorpii
Seseli aroanicum
Sideritis clandestina clandestina
Silene auriculata
Silene congesta
Silene conglomeratica
Solenanthus stamineus
Teucrium aroanium (Τεύκριο των Αροανίων)
Thamnosciadium junceum
Thlaspi graecum
Trifolium parnassi
Trinia frigida
Tulipa orphanidea
Valeriana olenaea
Verbascum acaule
Verbascum epixanthinum
Veronica thymifolia
Viola chelmea
Viola graeca
Αξιόλογα Θηλαστικά
Cricetulus migratorius atticus (Νανοκρικετός)
Dryomys nitedula wingei (Δεντρομυωξός)
Felis silvestris morea (Αγριόγατος του Μωριά)
Lepus europaeus carpathous (Λαγός της Καρπάθου)
Lutra lutra (Βίδρα)
Martes foina (Κουνάβι)
Meles meles (Ασβός)
Mustela nivalis galinthias (Νυφίτσα)
Rhinolophus blasii (Ρινόλοφος του Μπλάζιους)
Rhinolophus mehelyi (Ρινόλοφος του Μεχέλυ)
Αξιόλογα Πτηνά
Αξιόλογα Αμφίβια / Ερπετά
Ablepharus kitaibelii fabichi (Αβλέφαρος)
Algyroides moreoticus (Πελοπονησσιακή σαύρα)
Coluber gemonensis gemonensis
Coronella austriaca austriaca (Ασινόφιδο)
Lacerta graeca (Γραικόσαυρα)
Lacerta trilineata cariensis (Τρανόσαυρα της Ικαρίας)
Malpolon monspessulanus insignitus (Σαπίτης)
Podarcis muralis albanica (Αλβανική γουστέρα)
Podarcis peloponnesiaca lais (Γουστέρα της Βόρειας Πελοποννήσου)
Rana dalmatina (Ευκίνητος Βάτραχος)
Rana graeca (Ελληνικός Βάτραχος)
Salamandra salamandra salamandra (Σαλαμάνδρα)
Telescopus fallax fallax (Αγιόφιδο)
Typhlops vermicularis (Τυφλίνος)
Vipera ammodytes meridionalis (Οχιά)
Αξιόλογα Ψάρια
Αξιόλογα Ασπόνδυλα
Anthocharis damone (Ανθόχαρις του Δάμωνα)
Cyaniris helena (Κουανίρις η Ελένη)
Papilio alexanor (Παπίλιο ο Αλεξάνωρ)
Parnassius mnemosyne athene (Παρνάσσιος των Αθηνών)
Pieris ergane (Πιερίς η Εργάνη)
Thersamonia thetis (Θερσαμονία η Θέτις)
Zerynthia polyxena (Ζερύνθια η Πολυξένη)
Σχόλια για τα είδη