Στοιχεία Τόπου

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Κτηματολόγιο Α.Ε.

Γενικά Στοιχεία

Κατηγορία Τόπου Βιότοπος NATURA
Κωδικός Τόπου GR2240001
Κύριος Χαρακτήρας
Φυσικό Τοπίο
Δομημένο Τοπίο
Διοικητική Υποδιαίρεση Νομός Λευκάδος
Συνολική Έκταση (ha) 2143.40
Χερσαία Έκταση (ha) 747.48
Συνολική Περίμετρος (km) 26.0
Μέγιστο Υψόμετρο (m) 58.0
Ελάχιστο Υψόμετρο (m)
Ένταξη στο Υπάρχον Θεσμικό Πλαίσιο


Τύπος Τοπίου
Περιγραφή Τόπου Although this area is treated as a separate site, in a wide sense, it could be considered as a part of an extensive wetland, together with the neighbouring sites of Amvrakikos Gulf and the lake of Voulkaria. The majority of the information regarding the habitats and flora of this site concerns the island of Lefkada and the study of its continental part (Prefecture of Aitoloakarnania) is expected to increase the known biodiversity and hence the ecological significance of this site. Among the main characteristics of the site which obviously must be taken into consideration, in order to formulate appropriate management programmes, the following should be mentioned: 1) its proximity to the city of Lefkada (around 15,000 inhabitants and several thousands more during the summer); 2) its proximity to one of the three main and more fertile regions of the island; 3) the extensive shellfish aquaculture which takes place within the site.
Κατάσταση Τόπου
Εγκατάλειψη οικισμών
Τάση Κατάστασης Τόπου
Ιστορία και εξέλιξη του τόπου
Σημεία με καλή Θέα
Μονοπάτια Περίπατοι


Οικολογική Αξία
Κοινωνικοοικονομική/πολιτιστική Αξία
Αισθητική Αξία
Σχόλιο για τις αξίες This site is one of the most significant wetlands of the Ionian Islands and important not only for the conservation of wildlife but also for the economy of the area (approximately 15% of the population of the islands depends on fishing, farming and related activities for its income). The variety of habitats, together with the existence of a rich flora representative of both sand-dunes, salt-marshes and sand meadows and the existence of the local endemic plant taxon, Arenaria leucadia, are elements which support the ecological and scientific value of the site. In addition to these, we should keep in mind the role of the wetlands in relation to the conservation of the local fauna and bird migration. It should also be emphasized that the proximity of this site to another important wetland (Amvrakikos Gulf) and that these two sites should be considered probably as part of the same unique ecosystem. The site is important for wintering and passage waterbirds. A large number of waterbirds winter at the area, as it is one of the very few wetlands in Greece that hunting prohibition is practically implemented, as the lagoon is sited by the town of Lefkas. Species of concern include Pelecanus crispus, Egretta alba, Larus genei. Reptiles and one fish mentioned in Annex II of the Directive 92/43/EEC are encountered in this site. The Loggerhead Turtle, Caretta caretta, is a priority species of the above Directive and a threatened taxon of the Greek fauna ("Endangered" according to the Greek Red Data Book). Some more vertebrate taxa (birds excluded) recorded in the area are evaluated as Other Important Species as they receive one to two of the motivations used in section 3.3. All these taxa are protected by the Bern Convention therefore being marked by the C motivation. Τhe toad Bufo viridis, the lizard Lacerta trilineata and the snakes Coluber najadum and Natrix tessellata, are also protected by the Greek Presidential Decree 67/1981 thus being eligible for motivation D. This motivation is also given to B. viridis, N. tessellata and the lizard Ablepharus kitaibelii, since they are listed in the catalogues of the CORINE-Biotopes Projects handbook. These wetlands are also notable as being important areas for a variety of migratory birds. They have been evaluated as having international importance according to the Ramsar Convention (as a part of the Amvrakikos Gulf wetlands unit). Moreover, it is a specially protected area according to the Directive 79/409/EEC, the Barcelona Convention, and Greek legislation. The invertebrate species Zerynthia polyxena (section 3.3, motivation C) is protected by the Bern Convention.


Σχόλιο για τις απειλές-διαταραχές
Τρωτότητα Major problems related to the conservation of the ecosystems of this wetland complex, are the variety of different human activities which take place within the site (fishing, aquaculture, hunting, construction of irrigation channels, drainage, tourism, water sports, etc.) and also in neighbouring areas (deforestation, agriculture, with excessive use of fertilizers and pesticides, urbanization, discharging of untreated wastes, etc.) and the destruction of the two former salines. The fact that a large part of the economy of the island depends upon the utilizations of the lagoons within this site, favours attempts for their protection. On the contrary, the increasing tourist activities in the city of Lefkada and the NE coasts of the island have negative impacts on conservation of the site.
Προτεραιότητα προστασίας

Πανίδα και Χλωρίδα

Χαρακτηριστικά Ενδιαιτήματα
Αξιόλογα Φυτά
Αξιόλογα Θηλαστικά
Αξιόλογα Πτηνά
Accipiter nisus nisus (Τσιχλογέρακο)
Actitis hypoleucos (Ποταμότριγγας)
Anas acuta (Ψαλίδα)
Anas clypeata (Χουλιαρόπαπια)
Anas crecca (Κιρκίρι)
Anas penelope (Σφυριχτάρι)
Anas platyrhynchos (Πρασινοκέφαλη)
Anas strepera (Καπακλής)
Ardea cinerea (Σταχτοτσικνιάς)
Aythya ferina (Γκισάρι)
Buteo buteo buteo (Γερακίνα)
Calidris alba (Λευκοσκαλήθρα)
Calidris alpina alpina (Λασποσκαλήθρα)
Calidris ferruginea (Δρεπανοσκάληθρα)
Calidris minuta (Νανοσκαλήθρα)
Charadrius alexandrinus (Θαλασσοσφυριχτής)
Charadrius dubius (Ποταμοσφυριχτής)
Charadrius hiaticula (Αμμοσφυριχτής)
Cygnus cygnus (Αγριόκυκνος)
Cygnus olor (Κύκνος)
Egretta alba (Αργυροτσικνιάς)
Egretta garzetta (Λευκοτσικνιάς)
Fulica atra (Φαλαρίδα)
Himantopus himantopus (Καλαμοκανάς)
Larus genei (Λεπτόραμφος γλάρος)
Larus melanocephalus (Μαυροκέφαλος γλάρος)
Larus ridibundus (Καστανοκέφαλος γλάρος)
Mergus serrator (Σκουφοπρίστης)
Numenius arquata arquata (Τουρλίδα)
Pelecanus crispus (Αργυλοπελεκάνος)
Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis (Κορμοράνος)
Pluvialis squatarola (Αργυροβροχοπούλι)
Podiceps cristatus (Σκουροβουτηχτάρι)
Podiceps nigricollis (Μαυροβουτηχτάρι)
Tadorna tadorna (Βαρβάρα)
Tringa erythropus (Μαυρότριγγας)
Tringa nebularia (Πρασινοσκέλης)
Tringa ochropus (Δασότριγγας)
Tringa stagnatilis (Βαλτότριγγας)
Tringa totanus totanus (Κοκκινοσκέλης)
Αξιόλογα Αμφίβια / Ερπετά
Ablepharus kitaibelii fabichi (Αβλέφαρος)
Bufo viridis viridis (Πρασινόφρυνος)
Caretta caretta caretta (Χελώνα καρέττα)
Coluber najadum dahlii (Σαΐτα του Νταλ)
Elaphe quatuorlineata quatuorlineata (Λαφίτης)
Emys orbicularis (Βαλτοχελώνα)
Lacerta trilineata cariensis (Τρανόσαυρα της Ικαρίας)
Natrix tessellata tessellata (Κυβόφιδο)
Αξιόλογα Ψάρια
Aphanius fasciatus (Ζαχαριάς)
Syngnathus abaster (Σακοράφα)
Αξιόλογα Ασπόνδυλα
Zerynthia polyxena (Ζερύνθια η Πολυξένη)
Σχόλια για τα είδη