|Σχόλιο για τις αξίες
||The quality and importance of the site result mainly from the great number of endemic and very rare plants and invertebrates existing in the area. This high degree of endemism derives mainly from the geographical location of Samos island (very close to Asia Minor) as well as from the high altitudes and the fair variety of biotopes existing within the proposed site. It is worth noting that the plant species Asperula samia, Thymus samious and Erodium sibthorpianum ssp. vetteri are local endemics. It must be mentioned, as well, that due to the isolation from the main tourist areas of Samos island and the limited human activities within the site, the Pinus brutia and P. pallasiana ssp. nigra, forests are at a very good conservation status.OTHER IMPORTANT SPECIES WITH MOTIVATION DPlants: The following species are protected by the CITES Convention: Cephalanthera epipactoides, Epipactis helleborine, Listera ovata, Orchis tridentata (Annex C); and Galanthus elwesii (Appendix II).Acantholimon echinus ssp. echinus, Petrorhagia armerioides, Satureja spinosa are species with distribution in Greece and Anatolia. Astragalus thracicus ssp. parnassi is a species with distribution in Sterea Ellada, Thessalia, Samos, and only in West Anatolia out of Greece. Campanula lyrata ssp. lyrata is endemic to the East Aegean Islands and W. Anatolia. Cruciata taurica ssp. occidentalis is endemic to Samos and SW AnatoliaThe following species are included in the IUCN Red Data List (1993) in the category of threatened plants: Aethionema saxatile ssp. creticum (rare), Astragalus ptilodes (rare), Corydalis integra (rare), Fritillaria bithynica (rare), Lomelosia polykratis (rare), Silene urvillei (rare), Viola heldreichiana (rare) Datisca cannabina (vulnerable). The characterizations given concern the plant’s status in Greece.These species are also protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81).Draba heterocoma ssp. archipelagi, Lamyropsis cynaroides, Fritillaria carica, Crocus olivieri ssp. balansae are included in the IUCN Red Data List in the category of threatened plants characterized as rareTordylium hirtocarpum is protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81).Note: Scutellaria rubicunda ssp. icarica (=Scutellaria brevibracteata ssp. icarica) is endemic to Samos and Ikaria.Invertebrates: The species Carcharodus flocciferus, Epallage fatime and Platycnemis pennipes are rare and threatened and in need of protection.