NatureBank - Βιότοπος NATURA - KOURTALIOTIKO FARANGI - MONI PREVELI - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI

Στοιχεία Τόπου

Επίπεδα τόπων:
Επιλογές:

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Κωδικοί τόπων
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Κτηματολόγιο Α.Ε.

Γενικά Στοιχεία

Όνομα KOURTALIOTIKO FARANGI - MONI PREVELI - EVRYTERI PERIOCHI
Κατηγορία Τόπου Βιότοπος NATURA
Κωδικός Τόπου GR4330003
Κύριος Χαρακτήρας
Βιότοπος
Φυσικό Τοπίο
Δομημένο Τοπίο
Διοικητική Υποδιαίρεση Νομός Ρεθύμνου
Δήμος-Κοινότητα
Συνολική Έκταση (ha) 3642.73
Χερσαία Έκταση (ha) 3639.63
Συνολική Περίμετρος (km) 25.6
Μέγιστο Υψόμετρο (m) 902.0
Ελάχιστο Υψόμετρο (m)
Ένταξη στο Υπάρχον Θεσμικό Πλαίσιο

Χαρακτηριστικά

Τύπος Τοπίου
Κλίμα
Γεωλογία
Περιγραφή Τόπου The site, at the southern central Crete, includes the gorge of Kourtaliotis river, a narrow river with permanent water supply, which cuts through the gorge, flowing down a rocky bed, to end up to a small cove, with a sandy beach, 250 m in length and 60-70 m in width. At the estuary, a small pond with brackish is formed, in the middle of the beach, 10 m from the sea.The water from the springs of Agios Nikolas, middleway in the gorge, is collected by a water lock which supplies water to all the villages around.The main types of biotopes that characterize the site are: rock faces with characterizing chasmophytic vegetation and phrygana, at the slopes of the gorge; riparian arborescent vegetation with Phoenix theophrastii, Nerium oleander, Ceratonia siliqua; small coastal habitas at the estuary of the river, with Vitex-agnus castus and halophytic vegetation (Juncus maritimus and Phragmites australis) and small sand dunes; sea cliff vegetation and marine habitas, with Posidonia sea bedsThe Phoenix theophrastii forest -the second most important palm forest of Phoenix in Crete, aged of several decades, extends into the gorge at a distance of at least 600 m from the beach.
Κατάσταση Τόπου
Εγκατάλειψη οικισμών
Τάση Κατάστασης Τόπου
Ιστορία και εξέλιξη του τόπου
Σημεία με καλή Θέα
Μονοπάτια Περίπατοι

Αξίες

Οικολογική Αξία
Κοινωνικοοικονομική/πολιτιστική Αξία
Αισθητική Αξία
Σχόλιο για τις αξίες The gorge of Kourtaliotis, including the surrounding area and the estuary, is a place comprising a rare and unique natural beauty with a great biological diversity which make it a place of great, ecological and aesthetic importance at the level of Crete and of the Mediterranean.In particular, the main elements of its quality and importance are:1) The Phoenix theophrastii forest, the second (after Vai) largest natural palm forest in Crete.Moreover, P. theophrastii is one of the only two native palm species in Europe.2) The variety of biotopes, with well structured vegetation at a good general conservation status reaching at an almost climax condition at places. This results in the high degree of biodiversity that characterizes the site and that is evident in the presence of a relatively large number of endemic species in the gorge.3) Kourtaliotis river is one of the few freshwater systems with permanent water flow in Crete.4) The presence of important bird species such as Gyps fulvus, Falco tinnunculus, Falco respectivus, and Ptyonoproque rupestris. Besides, the site is part of one of the Important Bird Areas in Europe.5) The whole area, with the old monastery of Preveli, is an historical and archaeological site.OTHER IMPORTANT SPECIES WITH MOTIVATION DThe following species are protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81) and are included in the IUCN Red Data List (1993) in the category of threatened plants: Biarum davisii ssp. davisii (rare), Ferulago thyrsiflora (rare), Sesleria doerfleri (rare).Tulipa saxatilis is protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81).Lactuca acanthifolia (= Scariola acanthifolia) is found in Ydra, Cyclades, East Aegean Islands andonly in SW Turkey out of Greece. Allium callimischon ssp. haemostictum is a plant with distribution in Greece and SW Turkey. Brassica cretica ssp. cretica is a chasmophyte occurring only in C. and S. Lebanon out of Greece.

Κίνδυνοι

Απειλές/διαταραχές
Σχόλιο για τις απειλές-διαταραχές
Τρωτότητα Kourtaliotis gorge is a slightly degraded area, with a great potential for full recovery.The site has to be kept away from nearby streets and from large numbers of tourists. Camping has to be prohibited and the compliance to any protection measures taken will have to be guarded by permanent surveyance service, especially in summer.The solid wastes and the subsequent danger of fire consitute important threats. Another pressure is imposed by grazing. The possible new plantations of Eucalyptus and Tamarix trees are another likely threat.The liquid waste observed, originating from olive oil-mills will have to be eliminated.Finally, hunting, the bulk of irrigation, and the extension of cultivations should be kept under control.
Προτεραιότητα προστασίας

Πανίδα και Χλωρίδα

Χαρακτηριστικά Ενδιαιτήματα
Αξιόλογα Φυτά
Allium callimischon haemostictum
Allium rubrovittatum
Aristolochia cretica
Asperula rigida (Ασπέρουλα η τραχεία)
Campanula saxatilis saxatilis
Centaurea idaea
Crepis auriculifolia
Cyclamen creticum
Erysimum candicum candicum
Lactuca acanthifolia
Odontites linkii
Origanum dictamnus
Petromarula pinnata
Phoenix theophrasti (Κρητικός φοίνικας)
Ricotia cretica
Scutellaria sieberi
Sedum creticum creticum (Σέδο το κρητικό)
Staehelina fruticosa (Σταιχελίνα η θαμνοειδής)
Tulipa saxatilis
Valeriana asarifolia
Verbascum arcturus
Αξιόλογα Θηλαστικά
Martes foina (Κουνάβι)
Meles meles (Ασβός)
Mustela nivalis galinthias (Νυφίτσα)
Αξιόλογα Πτηνά
Αξιόλογα Αμφίβια / Ερπετά
Bufo viridis viridis (Πρασινόφρυνος)
Coluber gemonensis gemonensis
Elaphe situla (Σπιτόφιδο)
Mauremys caspica rivulata (Ποταμοχελώνα)
Αξιόλογα Ψάρια
Αξιόλογα Ασπόνδυλα
Σχόλια για τα είδη