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The ecological importance of the Kedros mountain, closely related to its geomorphological structure, lies mainly on the endemic or rare floristic elements (mostly chasmophytes) and on the ideal conditions its geological relief provides for big rapace nesting.Big rapaces, such as Gyps fulvus and Hieraaetus fasciatus nest on Kedros Mt., while there is evidence of the presence of the rare Gypaetus barbatus. Besides, the site is consodered an important Bird Area.Notable among the flora species are Dianthus pulviniformis, a legally protected (Presidential Decree 67/81) and rare species (IUCN 1993), found exclusively on Kedros Mt., and Cerastium brachypetalum ssp. doerfleri, an indeed very rare plant, also local endemic to Kedros. Actually, all the plant species listed on section 3.3 are Greek endemics with some degree of rarity.The endemic species Anthemis abrotanifolia, Crepis auriculifolia, Scabiosa albocincta, Hypericum kelleri, Prunella cretensis and Tulipa doerfleri are included in the IUCN Red Data Lists for Greece (1993), Europe (1988) and the World (1993) with the characterization «Rare» and are protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81).The site is also rich in endemic snail species, most of which are stenoendemics. All molluscan species cited on section 3.3, with the exception of Vitrea, Monacha, Pyramidula and Orculella which are Aegean endemics, are endemic to Crete or to W. Crete only.The reptiles Telescopus fallax pallidus, Chalcides ocellatus ocellatus, Natrix tessellata tessellata, Lacerta trilineata polylepidota, Columber gemonensis and the amphibians Bufo viridis viridis and Hyla arborea cretensis, permanently inhabit the Kedros massif and are protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81) and by the Bern convention (Annex II). Rana ridibunda is included in Annex III of the Bern convention.OTHER IMPORTANT SPECIES WITH MOTIVATION DExplanations are given in the above text.In addition:The following species are protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81) and are included in the IUCN Red Data List (1993) in the category of threatened plants: Cotoneaster nummularia (vulnerable), Anthemis abrotanifolia (rare), Tulipa doerfleri (rare).Arum creticum is a species with distribution in Crete and the East Aegean found only in SW. Turkey out of Greece. Viola rauliniana is a species with distribution in W. & C. Crete and Cyprus.