|Σχόλιο για τις αξίες
||The importance of this site consists in: 1) Mount Kofinas provides nesting places for big rapaces, such as Gyps fulvus and, notably of the very rare Gypaetus barbatus. Other interesting birds of prey present in the site are Hieraaetus pennatus and Falco eleonorae; 2) The presence of monk seals in the marine caves; 3) The area hosts endemic and protected plant species. The presence of two Annex II plant species, Phoenix theophrastii and Origanum dictamnus, should be noted. The existence of a well conserved pinewood and of the Cupressus sempervirens patches is also important; 4) There are also interesting endemic snails: Mastus turcidus is endemic to the Aegean and Helicopsis bathytera endemic to the South Aegean; Metefruticicola lecta, Metafruticicola noversa, Trochoidea mesostena, Oxychilus spratti, Deroceras rethimnonensis, Albinaria inflata, Albinaria praeclara, Mastus cretensis and Mastus olivaceus are endemic to Crete; and Albinaria terebra is endemic to Asterousia; 5) The whole site is of archaeological importance, with very interesting caves with prehistoric remnants, archaelogical relics and temples, byzantine monasteries etc.; 6) The aesthetic value of the site due to its morphology; the whole area of Asterousia mountains is a Natural Beauty Landscape.Notes: The fish Sabanejewia aurata balcanica is referred from the area (Corine database), but the reference is false according to the specialist Dr P. S. Economidis (personal communication).OTHER IMPORTANT SPECIES WITH MOTIVATION D:Plants: Erysimum candicum ssp. candicum, Crepis tybakiensis, Campanula saxatilis ssp. saxatilis and Dianthus junniperinus, Lomelosia minoana ssp. asterusica are protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81) and are included in the IUCN Red Data List (1993) in the category of threatened plants characterized as «Rare» in Greece and in the World (1993) and in Europe (1988).Silene vulgaris ssp. suffrutescens is included in the Corine checklist of threatened plants; it is found in only 100 or less sites in EC.Hypericum jovis is protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81) and is included in the IUCN list of threatened species, characterized as «Vulnerable» in Greece and in the World (1993) and in Europe (1988).Crepis pusilla because it is protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81) and is included in the IUCN list of threatened species, characterized as «Rare» in Greece (1993) and in Europe (1988).The orchids Ophrys fusca, Ophrys tenthredinifera and Anacamptis pyramidalis are protected by the CITES Convention (Annex C).Lactuca acanthifolia (= Scariola acanthifolia) is found in Ydra, Cyclades, East Aegean Islands andonly in SW Turkey out of Greece. Filago aegaea ssp. aristata is a plant with distribution in S & E Aegean, Ionian Islands, Kriti and Cyprus. Malcolmia flexuosa ssp. naxensis is endemic to the Aegean region and Anatolia.Animals: The snail Helix nucula because has restricted populations in Greece.