NatureBank - Βιότοπος NATURA - NISOS ANTIMILOS - THALASSIA PARAKTIA ZONI

Στοιχεία Τόπου

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Κτηματολόγιο Α.Ε.

Γενικά Στοιχεία

Όνομα NISOS ANTIMILOS - THALASSIA PARAKTIA ZONI
Κατηγορία Τόπου Βιότοπος NATURA
Κωδικός Τόπου GR4220007
Κύριος Χαρακτήρας
Βιότοπος
Φυσικό Τοπίο
Δομημένο Τοπίο
Διοικητική Υποδιαίρεση Νομός Κυκλάδων
Δήμος-Κοινότητα
Συνολική Έκταση (ha) 1260.76
Χερσαία Έκταση (ha) 880.54
Συνολική Περίμετρος (km) 15.2
Μέγιστο Υψόμετρο (m) 600.0
Ελάχιστο Υψόμετρο (m)
Ένταξη στο Υπάρχον Θεσμικό Πλαίσιο

Χαρακτηριστικά

Τύπος Τοπίου
Κλίμα
Γεωλογία
Περιγραφή Τόπου The island of Antimilos is located on the west side of the Aegean Volcanic arc. It belongs to the island group of Milos in Cyclades. Geologically, it was an active volcano till the beginning of Quaternary. It totally consists of Pliocene and Pleistocene volcanic rocks. On the top of the island an old, non-active, caldera can be seen. The vegetation is phrygana and dry maquis. There are intermittent streams on the island. On the top, at a height of 670m, there is a small hollow area with standing water during spring time, most likely it is a temporary pond. An old water reservoir, which dates back to World War II, and two buildings are the only constructions by the top. Today the island is uninhabited but there are signs of previous cultivations and settlements. The coastline is rocky and there is only one pebble beach only on the south side. The sea surrounding the island is not deep, but the depth between Antimilos and the island of Milos can exceed 200 m. In the marine area (20% of the site), there are Posidonia beds and near the island there are shallow reefs with a rocky substrate with Cymnodocea beds. We have used habitat type 1240 to describe the vegetated sea cliffs but not necessarily with the plant communities of Euphorbia sp., Limonium sp. etc. (as described in Corine 91, code 18.22). Note: plant species recorded on the island are Torilis heterophylla, Centaurium maritimum, Silene sedoides.
Κατάσταση Τόπου
Εγκατάλειψη οικισμών
Τάση Κατάστασης Τόπου
Ιστορία και εξέλιξη του τόπου
Σημεία με καλή Θέα
Μονοπάτια Περίπατοι

Αξίες

Οικολογική Αξία
Κοινωνικοοικονομική/πολιτιστική Αξία
Αισθητική Αξία
Σχόλιο για τις αξίες The parameters of the ecological and scientific quality and importance of Antimilos are related to its geological history and to its fauna and flora. The most important characteristic of the site are the volcanic formations that occur all over the island. The whole site consists of lava formations of Pleiocbe/Pleistocebe age and ther is a non-active caldera on the summit of the island.Concerning the fauna of Antimilos the data are satisfactory. On the island there is theendemic subspecies Capra aegagrus pictus (included in section 3.2.c. as C. aegagrus) which is endangered and strictly protected (Bern Convention, annex II). The island is today a refuge for the wild goats.The lizards listed on section 3.3. are protected by the Greek law, and by the Bern Comvention (annex II). The endemic species, Podarcis milensis is also included on Annex IV of the Directive 92/43/EEC. This species warrants special attention since it is among the few endemic vertebrate species, apart from fish, in Greece and probably the only one in the Aegean. The isopod species listed on 3.3. are all endemic to the Aegean.The cliffs of the island are important for seabirds, raptors and migrating birds.Regarding the flora and vegetation of the island, we are aware of the richness in plant species as well as of the very good condition of the vegetation. The phrygana formations can be considered of excellent representativity. Unfortunately there are very few records of the island’s plants but because of the volcanic substrate, the relief and geological history of the island, one would expect important and rare species to occur on the island.Posidonia beds, a special priority habitat, are abundant in the marine part of the site. Also important are the Cymodocea beds.

Κίνδυνοι

Απειλές/διαταραχές
Σχόλιο για τις απειλές-διαταραχές
Τρωτότητα There are not serious threats for the island. Anyone who wants to visit the island has to get a permission from the Hunting Direction of Cyclades (Diefthinsi Thiras Kykladon). Pressures on the island are imposed from illegal activities (hunting). The surrounding sea is not very deep and illegal fishing could be a serious threat for marine life. For the population of Capra aegarus a particular pressure was imposed by goats which were brought on the island and hybridised with the wild goats. Fortunately they have been removed during the last years.
Προτεραιότητα προστασίας

Πανίδα και Χλωρίδα

Χαρακτηριστικά Ενδιαιτήματα
Αξιόλογα Φυτά
Centaurea raphanina mixta
Αξιόλογα Θηλαστικά
Capra aegagrus (Αγριοκάτσικο)
Monachus monachus (Μεσογειακή φώκια)
Αξιόλογα Πτηνά
Αξιόλογα Αμφίβια / Ερπετά
Cyrtodactylus kotschyi adelphiensis (Κυρτοδάκτυλος των νησιών Αδέλφια)
Elaphe quatuorlineata quatuorlineata (Λαφίτης)
Podarcis milensis adolfjordansi (Γουστέρα των Ανάνων)
Αξιόλογα Ψάρια
Αξιόλογα Ασπόνδυλα
Σχόλια για τα είδη