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||The islands Kastellorizo, Ro and Strogyli, the easternmost border of Europe, close to the Asian coast, are, regarding their flora and fauna, of great ecological and scientific interest.The inland water bodies of the island, however limited, host the amphibian Mertensiella luschani, a species of salamander. The distribution of this species in EEC areas is restricted in only three greek islands. At the rocky coasts and the marine caves one can often observe the monk seal Monachus monachus. This is one of the few sites of this species in EEC. The three islands are also important for their invertebrates; for example, Zerynthia cerisyi kastellorissii, a local endemic, and Ypthima asterope, a rare species, known only in Dodekanessos in Europe. From the floristic point of view, the islands’ importance is evident in the endemic or stenoendemic species, and in the rare or isolated species with wider distribution, but for which the three islands are the only sites they are found in Greece or in Europe. Ornithogalum sphaerolobum is a local endemic to the island of Strongyli. However, floristic data are scarce and further studies are needed. Veronica stamatidae, a vulnerable species, is found only on the island of Ro in Greece and in Turkey (its distribution there is unknown).Finally, many buildings and other human constructions on Kastellorizo have architectural interest.OTHER IMPORTANT SPECIES WITH MOTIVATION DThe lepidopter Zerynthia celsii kastelorisii is protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81) and is also considered threatened and significant species in Europe (Koomen P. and P.J. van Helsdingen, CORINE-Checklist, Heath J., 1981 and J.S. Dabrowski). For the lepidopter Y. asterope explanation is given above. The snail Zonites caricus is protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81); also the island is not only the only site of its distribution in the EEC, but the only part in the world where this snail is abundant (it is rare on the opposite turkish coasts). The reptiles Cyrtodactylus kotschyi, Ophiomorus punctatissimus, Agama stellio, Hemidactylus turcicus, Malpolon monspessulanus are protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81). lants: The following plant species are included in the IUCN Red Data List in the category of threatened plants: Phlomis bourgaei, Ballota grandulosissima, Fritillaria elwesii, Colchicum stevenii, Verbascum levanticum, Silene leptoclada, Ajuga bombycina, Convolvulus coelesyriacus, Eryngium falcatum, Lamyropsis cynaroides, Daucus conchitae, characterized as «Rare» in Greece (1993) and in Europe (1988), while their World status is unknown; Veronica stamatiadae is characterized as «Vulnerable» in Greece (1993) and in Europe (1988), while its World status is unknown and it is also included in the Corine checklist of threatened plants.The following species are protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81) and are included in the IUCN Red Data List (1993) in the category of threatened plants: Isatis lusitanica (rare), Campanula hagielia (rare), Crepis pusilla (rare), Euphorbia hierosolymitana (endangered; also included in the Corine checklist of threatened plants)Ornithogalum sphaerolobum, and Galium dumosum are protected by the Greek Law (Presidential Decree 67/81). Galanthus nivalis ssp. nivalis is protected by the CITES Convention (Appendix II)Ferula tingitana is a stenomediterranean species, also occurring in Rhodos island. Allium junceum ssp. junceum and Papaver gracile are endemic to the East Aegean Islands, Cyprus and SW Anatolia.